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algae biofuels

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 105 words.

Fuels derived from plant oils produced by algae, predominantly microalgae. Microalgae can produce more than 50 per cent of their dry weight as oil from their lipid content, and can be grown...

alternating current

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 22 words.

An electric current that periodically flows in a conductor in one direction and then in the opposite.

alternative energy

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 30 words.

Energy derived from non-fossil fuel sources. The alternative energy sources include *renewable energy sources and *nuclear energy. The term is sometimes used synonymously with renewable...

AM

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

anaerobic digestion

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 95 words.

The decomposition of organic matter by bacteria in the absence of air. Bacteria break down the organic material and produce a gas rich in methane (~65 per cent) and carbon dioxide (~35 per...

anthropogenic climate change

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 126 words.

Human-induced changes to the climate, notably *global warming, caused by the emission of *greenhouse gases, in particular carbon dioxide, from the ...

apparent temperature

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 47 words.

The air temperature at a reference humidity (that which has a dew point of 14°C), which feels as comfortable as the ambient air. When the ambient air’s humidity is higher than the...

aquifer

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 97 words.

A layer of porous rock, gravel, or sand—or of a similar composition—containing water (called groundwater). Aquifers close to the surface provide huge reservoirs of rainwater that are...

arbitrage

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.

Are we fracked? The impact of falling gas prices and the implications for coal-to-gas switching and carbon emissions

Christopher Knittel, Konstantinos Metaxoglou and Andre Trindade.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Energy and Utilities; Energy Economics; Environmental Economics. 9607 words.

We discuss the environmental implications of the dramatic drop in the price of natural gas following the US shale gas boom due to the rise of modern hydraulic fracturing. In the first part...

ASHP

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 6 words.

a-Si solar cell

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 7 words.

atmospheric aerosols

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 106 words.

Tiny liquid drops or solid particles that are sufficiently small (generally <1 micron) that they remain suspended in the air—conventionally excluding clouds. Examples are volcanic aerosols...

Automobile Fuel Economy Standards: Impacts, Efficiency, and Alternatives

Soren T. Anderson, Ian W. H. Parry, James M. Sallee and Carolyn Fischer.

in Review of Environmental Economics and Policy

January 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Environmental Economics; Energy Economics; Transportation Systems; Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue. 9079 words.

This article discusses automobile fuel economy standards in the United States and other countries. We first describe how these programs affect the automobile market, including impacts on...

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available energy

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.

aviation

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 97 words.

Transport by aircraft, predominantly by aeroplanes. In 2010, all forms of transport accounted for 27 per cent of global *...

avoided cost

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

bagasse

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.

balance-of-system

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 7 words.

band gap

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.