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Ballou, Adin

Len Gougeon.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Christian Churches and Denominations; Christian Institutions and Organizations; World History; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Politics and Law; Ethnic Politics. 1229 words.

Ballou, Adin (23 April 1803–05 August 1890), Universalist clergyman, reformer, and founder of Hopedale Community, was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, the son of Ariel Ballou and Edilda...

Balmyle, Nicholas [Nicholas of St Andrews] (d. 1319/20), administrator and bishop of Dunblane

Norman F. Shead.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration; UK Politics. 730 words.

Balmyle, Nicholas [Nicholas of St Andrews] (d. 1319/20), administrator and bishop of Dunblane, first appears on record, described as master, in 1259. Balmyle may be derived from one of two...

Barbon [Barebone], Praisegod (c. 1598–1679/80), lay preacher and politician

Stephen Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; UK Politics. 2105 words.

Barbon [Barebone], Praisegod (c. 1598–1679/80), lay preacher and politician, first appears in 1623, when he was made free of the Company of Leathersellers in London; having served an eight-...

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist

Eileen Groth Lyon.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; Religion; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 2219 words.

Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been...

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal counsellor

Nicholas Vincent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 811 words.

Barking, Richard of (d. 1246), abbot of Westminster and royal counsellor, was presumably a native of Barking in Essex. His mother, Lucy, was commemorated by an obit celebration at...

Barr, James (1862–1949), minister of the United Free Church of Scotland and politician

James J. Smyth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; UK Politics. 1194 words.

Barr, James (1862–1949), minister of the United Free Church of Scotland and politician, was born on 26 July 1862 at Beanscroft Farm in the parish of Fenwick, Ayrshire, the eldest of eight...

Barret, Patrick (d. 1415), bishop of Ferns and administrator

J. M. Rigg.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration; UK Politics. 256 words.

Barret, Patrick (d. 1415), bishop of Ferns and administrator, was a canon of the Augustinian abbey of Kells in the bishopric of Ossory. He was consecrated by the pope at Rome in December...

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich

Roy Martin Haines.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 2167 words.

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third...

Beaton [Betoun], David (1494?–1546), cardinal and archbishop of St Andrews

Margaret H. B. Sanderson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 3740 words.

Beaton [Betoun], David (1494?–1546), cardinal and archbishop of St Andrews, was a younger son of John Beaton (d. 1532), of Balfour, Fife, and Elizabeth Monypenny (d. 1541), daughter of the...

Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow

Mark Dilworth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Diplomatic History; International Relations; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 1100 words.

Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow, born in the spring or early summer of 1524, was the son of James Beaton, laird of Balfarg (Fife), and his wife, Helen...

Beaton, James (c. 1473–1539), administrator and archbishop of St Andrews

James K. Cameron.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 2442 words.

Beaton, James (c. 1473–1539), administrator and archbishop of St Andrews, was the sixth son of John Beaton of Balfour in the parish of Markinch, and Marjory, daughter of Sir David Boswell...

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal

G. L. Harriss.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Irish History; British History; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 6899 words.

Beaufort, Henry [called the Cardinal of England] (1375?–1447), bishop of Winchester and cardinal, was the second of four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster...

Beauty and design

in Kant

August 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Western Philosophy; 17th - 18th Century Philosophy; Christianity; Political Theory. 5049 words.

Kant's writings on religion show an attempt at the systematic demystification of theology. ‘Beauty and design’ analyses Kant's writings on religion and touches upon Kant's aesthetics. An...

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Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury

Frank Barlow.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: UK Politics; Christianity; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 10596 words.

Becket, Thomas [St Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London] (1120?–1170), archbishop of Canterbury, was a London merchant's son who rose to be royal chancellor then archbishop, only to be...

Beckington [Bekynton], Thomas (1390?–1465), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells

Robert W. Dunning.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1840 words.

Beckington [Bekynton], Thomas (1390?–1465), administrator and bishop of Bath and Wells, was the son of a weaver from Beckington, Somerset. He was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College...

Belmeis [Beaumais], Richard de (d. 1127), administrator and bishop of London

J. F. A. Mason.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 1425 words.

Belmeis [Beaumais], Richard de (d. 1127), administrator and bishop of London, came (according to one of L. C. Loyd's less fully proven attributions) from Beaumais-sur-Dive in Calvados....

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor

Edmund King.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; UK Politics. 931 words.

Benedict [Benedict of Peterborough] (c. 1135–1193), abbot of Peterborough and royal councillor, is first recorded at the event that shaped his life, as an eyewitness to the murder of Thomas...

Benedict of Ramsey [Master Benedict] (d. in or after 1211), ecclesiastic and administrator

Ralph V. Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration. 427 words.

Benedict of Ramsey [Master Benedict] (d. in or after 1211), ecclesiastic and administrator, was one of King John's royal clerks. He first appears as a clerk in John's household, in the...

Bernard (d. 1330/31), administrator and bishop of Sodor

A. A. M. Duncan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church; Political Institutions; Public Administration; UK Politics. 539 words.

Bernard (d. 1330/31), administrator and bishop of Sodor, has been identified since 1726, but erroneously, with the Bernard of Linton, parson of Mordington, recorded in the Ragman rolls of...

Blackadder [Blacader], Robert (c. 1445–1508), administrator and archbishop of Glasgow

Leslie J. Macfarlane.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church. 747 words.

Blackadder [Blacader], Robert (c. 1445–1508), administrator and archbishop of Glasgow, may have been born in Berwickshire; he was the brother of Sir Patrick Blackadder of Tulliallan, Fife....