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ABX

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 74 words.

A tradable index based on a series of baskets of 20 *credit derivatives relating to *subprime mortgage loans; it began trading in ...

ACA

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 11 words.

Abbreviation for Associate of the *Institute of Chartered Accountants.

ACCA

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 9 words.

Abbreviation for *Association of Chartered Certified Accountants.

acceleration clause

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 39 words.

A clause in a loan contract that requires payment of the full balance at once should the borrower fail to meet certain terms of the agreement (most often by defaulting on instalments...

acceptance

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 85 words.

1. The signature on a *bill of exchange indicating that the person on whom it is drawn accepts the conditions of the bill....

acceptance credit

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 86 words.

A means of financing the sale of goods, particularly in international trade. It involves a commercial bank or merchant bank extending credit to a foreign importer, whom it deems...

acceptance supra protest

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 40 words.

The acceptance or payment of a *bill of exchange, after it has been dishonoured, by a person wishing to save the honour of the drawer or an endorser of the bill....

accepting house

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 63 words.

Formerly, a mainly British institution specializing in accepting or guaranteeing *bills of exchange. A service fee was charged for guaranteeing payment, enabling the bill to be discounted...

Accepting Houses Committee

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 43 words.

Formerly, a committee representing the main *accepting houses in the City of London. Members of the committee were eligible for finer discounts on bills bought by the Bank of England,...

acceptor

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 27 words.

The drawee of a *bill of exchange after acceptance of the bill, i.e. the acceptor has accepted liability by signing the face of the bill....

Access to Finance: An Unfinished Agenda

Thorsten Beck and Asli Demirgüç-Kunt.

in The World Bank Economic Review

October 2008; p ublished online November 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services; Banking; Economic Development. 5523 words.

Recent data compilations show that many poor and nonpoor people in many developing countries face a high degree of financial exclusion and high barriers in access to finance. Theory and...

Access to Financial Services: Measurement, Impact, and Policies

Thorsten Beck, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Patrick Honohan.

in The World Bank Research Observer

February 2009; p ublished online February 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Microeconomics; Financial Institutions and Services; Banking; Economic Development. 9503 words.

In many developing countries less than half the population has access to formal financial services, and in most of Africa less than one in five households has access. Lack of access to...

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accommodation bill

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 48 words.

A *bill of exchange signed by a person (the accommodation party) who acts as a guarantor. The accommodation party is liable for the bill should the ...

accommodation endorser

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 56 words.

A person or a bank that endorses a loan to another party; for example, a parent company may endorse a bank loan to a subsidiary. The endorser becomes a guarantor and is secondarily liable...

account

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 231 words.

1. A statement of indebtedness from one person to another; an invoice. A provider of professional services or of goods may render an account to a client or customer. A...

account day

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 43 words.

Formerly, the day on which all transactions made during the previous *account on the London Stock Exchange were settled. Since the account system was abandoned in ...

account payee only

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 95 words.

Words printed between two vertical lines in the centre of a UK cheque that, in accordance with the Cheque Act ...

account reconciliation

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 61 words.

1. A procedure for confirming that the balance in a chequebook matches the corresponding *bank statement. This is normally done by preparing a ...

accountability

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 67 words.

An obligation to give an account. For limited companies, it is assumed that the directors of the company are accountable to the shareholders and that this responsibility is discharged, in...

accountant

Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Finance and Banking

March 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Social Sciences; Economics. 116 words.

A person who has passed the accountancy examinations of one of the recognized accountancy bodies and completed the required work experience. Each of the bodies varies in the way they train...