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Divergent Paths of Inequality in Turkey and Spain

Ekrem Karakoç.

in Inequality After the Transition

September 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Comparative Politics; European Union. 56442 words.

Using most similar design and process-tracing methodology, this chapter investigates the divergent outcomes in income inequality in Turkey and Spain. Even though social-security systems in...

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Economics and Politics

Hans Kundnani.

in The Paradox of German Power

January 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 6631 words.

This chapter discusses the economic and political transformations of Germany after its reunification in 1990. The economy of West Germany grew by 4.5 percent as the number of products sold,...

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Elite foundations of European integration: a causal analysis

Heinrich Best.

in The Europe of Elites

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 9693 words.

This chapter examines the causes of variation in the Europeanness of European economic and political elites. It shows that attachment to Europe (emotion), the wish to strengthen European...

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Elites of Europe and the Europe of elites: a conclusion

Heinrich Best.

in The Europe of Elites

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 3258 words.

This chapter presents a synopsis of the main results of the ‘Europe of Elites’. These strongly support the elitist character of European integration while challenging the idea of a coherent...

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Elites’ views on European institutions: national experiences sifted through ideological orientations

Daniel Gaxie and Nicolas Hubé.

in The Europe of Elites

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 9760 words.

As elites’ attitudes toward supranational institutions cannot be reduced to a simple binary opposition between pro- (federalists) and anti- (‘sovereigntists’) integrationists, this chapter...

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The elites–masses gap in European integration

Wolfgang C. Müller, Marcelo Jenny and Alejandro Ecker.

in The Europe of Elites

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 9855 words.

The chapter makes one conceptual and one empirical contribution to the study of the elite–masses gap in European integration. While most research focuses on substantive representation of...

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An Emergent European Executive Order

Jarle Trondal.

February 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Comparative Politics; European Union. 320 pages.

This book poses two pertinent questions: First, if a European Executive Order is emerging, how can we empirically see it? Second, if a European Executive Order is emerging, how can we...

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The EU and transnational regulation of GMOs

Patrycja Da˛browska-Kłosin´ska.

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 10894 words.

The chapter explores the role of the EU in shaping transnational regulation of GMOs and the extent to which its system of governance prompts experimentalist solutions at the international...

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EU chemicals regulation

Katja Biedenkopf.

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 12545 words.

This chapter focuses on the external dimension of the European Union’s (EU) chemicals legislation REACH. Although this law does not create a classic experimentalist architecture, it...

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Europe à la carte? European citizenship and its dimensions from the perspective of national elites

Maurizio Cotta and Federico Russo.

in The Europe of Elites

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 11978 words.

This chapter explores the position of national political and economic elites with regard to a series of crucial issues that help define the nature and content of European citizenship....

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Europe and the World

Hans Kundnani.

in The Paradox of German Power

January 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 6554 words.

This chapter discusses Germany's position as the biggest creditor country during the 2010 euro crisis. This crisis thrust Germany into an extraordinary position of power allowing it to...

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The Europe of Elites

Edited by Heinrich Best, György Lengyel and Luca Verzichelli.

March 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Book. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 320 pages.

It has been widely acknowledged that the process of European integration and unification was started and is still pursued as an elite project, designed to put an end to debilitating...

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European data privacy regulation on a global stage

Abraham Newman.

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 8574 words.

This chapter uses the case of data privacy to examine a number of potentially experimentalist governance mechanisms such as peer review and networked oversight as they shape global...

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European Integration

Barry Eichengreen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy

June 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 7093 words.

This article discusses European integration and its various conceptions of the political economy in terms of three generations of academic work. The normalization of European integration...

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European Union

Gerda Falkner.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State

July 2010; p ublished online September 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; European Union; Comparative Politics. 6136 words.

This article describes the European Union (EU) and its impact on welfare states in Europe. It explores the ways in which European social policy has evolved: regulation, redistribution and...

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The European Union—A Unique Governance Mix?

Tanja A. Börzel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Governance

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Politics; European Union; Comparative Politics. 6051 words.

This article examines the characteristics of governance in the European Union (EU). It argues that the EU heavily relies on hierarchy in the making of its policies and that the network...

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The Europeanization of Public Policy in France

Sabine Saurugger.

in The Oxford Handbook of French Politics

November 2016; p ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics; Public Policy. 10462 words.

This chapter analyzes how French public policy approaches have studied the influence of European integration on France’s domestic public policies. Starting from a review of the general...

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Experimentalism and the limits of uploading

Gráinne de Búrca.

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 13595 words.

While the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which was the first major international human rights treaty to be signed by the EU, has a notably experimentalist...

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Experimentalist governance in EU neighbourhood policies

Sandra Lavenex.

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 10454 words.

Given their focus on promoting approximation to the EU acquis communautaire, EU neighbourhood policies can be regarded as an experimental field for extended experimentalist governance. The...

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Extending Experimentalist Governance?

Edited by Jonathan Zeitlin.

August 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Book. Subjects: European Union; Comparative Politics. 432 pages.

This book takes as its point of departure three observations about the current state of transnational regulation within and beyond the EU: Across a wide and expanding range of policy...

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