Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 21-40 of 470 items for:

Overview x Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution x clear all

Armament Culture

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

War has spawned some of humankind’s greatest achievements as well as its worst excesses. Its glories and tragedies have been celebrated in the epic poetry of Homer, the plays of ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Arms Trade and Traffic

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

For over a century, arms trade policy has been caught between the poles of state self-interest and the promise of international norms. While there is a general tendency toward greater ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Article 9

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Article 9 of the Japanese constitution has been, and continues to be, a significant restraint on Japanese militarism. In 1946, when the new constitution was enacted, Japanese militarism was...

See overview in Oxford Index

Austrian School of Peace Theory

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The idea of a national school of peace research is paradoxical and unexpected. However, Austria’s dramatic involvement in the horrible wars of the twentieth century, the holocaust, and the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Balance of Power and Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The balance of power is one of the more venerable terms in the history of international politics. Although there are various uses of the term “balance of power,” ranging from ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Barbara Deming

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Barbara Deming (1918–1939) was an American writer, film analyst, and nonviolent activist whose acute insights into human psychology underpin her philosophy of nonviolent political action....

See overview in Oxford Index

Bartholomeus De Ligt

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Bartholomeus De Ligt (1918–1939) was born in Schalkwijk in the center of the Netherlands on 17 July 1883, the son of an orthodox Protestant minister. Rather early, De Ligt drifted ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Basic Needs

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — Politics.

The basic needs approach grew out of disappointment with policies for economic growth in the Third World, which had left poverty and unemployment largely untouched. Basic needs emphasizes...

See overview in Oxford Index

Basque Peace Movement Organizations

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Although the roots of the Spanish-Basque conflict reach much deeper into history than to the Spanish Civil War (Clark, Conversi, Lecours, Perez-Agote), the birth in 1959 of the radical,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bert Röling

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Bernardus Victor Aloysius Röling (1906–1985) was born on 26 December 1906 in ‘s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands. He grew up in a Roman Catholic middle-class family. Although at an early age...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bertha von Suttner

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution — History.

In 1905, Bertha von Suttner (1843–1914) was awarded the prestigious, well-endowed Nobel Peace Prize. In making its first award to a woman recipient, the Nobel committee recognized Baroness...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bias Awareness and Bullying Prevention

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Bullying refers to any repeated act done with the intention of harming another person physically and/or emotionally. The power imbalance between bullies and their victims is implicit in the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Biosophy: The Work of Frederick Kettner

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Biosophy, as described by its founder, Dr. Frederick Kettner, is the science and art of intelligent living based on the awareness and practice of spiritual values, ethical-social...

See overview in Oxford Index

Blood-Feud

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The custom of the blood-feud was common to Germanic societies in the early medieval period, underpinning many aspects of the familial and social organization of Anglo-Saxon England,...

See overview in Oxford Index

blowback

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

“Blowback,” the backward escape of gases and unburned gunpowder after a gun is fired, first appeared as a political metaphor in a 1954 report on covert U.S. Central Intelligence Agency ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bronfenbrenner's Mirror Image Perception

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005) was co-founder of the Head Start program for children in the United States and the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor Emeritus of Human Development and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Buddhist Ethics and Nonviolent Action

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

An examination of Buddhist ethics requires a discussion of ahimsa (noninjury, nonviolence). Although the Buddha was born into a warrior caste in sixth-century India, he developed a way of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Buddhist Peace Movements

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Buddhist peace movements are carried on mainly by Buddhist monks, many of them young, protesting against war or autocratic regimes in South and Southeast Asia. These monks try to practice...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

A publication of the nonprofit Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science whose mission is to educate the public about issues relating to war and peace. It is best known for its doomsday...

See overview in Oxford Index

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament

Overview page. Subjects: History — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

(CND)

A British pressure group pledged to nuclear disarmament and to the abandonment of British nuclear weapons. CND was created in 1958 with the philosopher Bertrand Russell as...

See overview in Oxford Index