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Abraham Gesner

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — History of the Americas.

(1797–1863), geologist, chemist, entrepreneur.

Born in the Annapolis Valley, Gesner studied medicine in London in 1825–6. Between 1836 and 1846, he published geological surveys of...

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Abraham Wald

Overview page. Subjects: Probability and Statistics — Economics.

(1902–50; b. Cluj, Romania; d. Travancore, India)

Hungarian geometer and statistician. Wald gained his PhD in geometry in 1931 from U Vienna. In 1938, on the Nazi seizure of...

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Abram Bergson

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(1914–2003)

Bergson was born Abram Burk in Baltimore in 1914, and died on 23 April 2003 in Cambridge Massachusetts. Along with his brother Gustav, he changed his name to Bergson ...

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Abram Harris, Jr.

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — United States History.

(b. 17 January 1899; d. 6 November 1963),

political economist, economic historian and theorist, and social critic. Abram Lincoln Harris Jr. was born in Richmond, Virginia; his...

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absolute

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Not made with reference to any other price or rate.

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absolute advantage

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Marketing.

The ability to produce an output using fewer inputs than other producers. With only one type of resource, such as hours of work, a producer with lower inputs has an absolute advantage. When...

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absolute priority rule

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(USA).

A condition of the pre-1978 US bankruptcy proceedings which gave creditor claims priority over claims by owners and required that these claims be paid out in order of...

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absolute rate

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

An interest rate expressed as a percentage rather than in relation to a reference rate.

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absolute-rate swap

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

An interest-rate swap in which the fixed interest rate is expressed in terms of an absolute rate.

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absorb

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

To allocate or apportion an item. See also marginal costing.

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absorbed cost

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Indirect costs of doing business, such as insurance and local taxes.

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absorption

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

The total of expenditure on real goods and services, by consumers, investors, and the government. Absorption is the use of output: it excludes exports and includes imports. This is...

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abstinence

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Refraining from, or at least postponing, consumption which could have been undertaken immediately. Where the funds not being spent arise from current income, abstinence is thus the same as...

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ACA

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

Abbreviation for Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants.

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accelerated Cost Recovery System

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Accounting.

In the USA, a system of depreciation designed to encourage capital investment by businesses. It permits a quicker recovery of an asset’s cost to provide higher tax benefits in the earlier...

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accelerated supply

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

(Commodities).

The effect of gold being made available in advance of production through lending and leasing arrangements between producers and holders (often provided by central...

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acceleration clause

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A condition found in debt and derivatives contracts that requires immediate repayment in the event of default. Typically a breach of covenant or term of the loan will trigger a default and...

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accelerator

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

A model relating investment to changes in output. The accelerator model asserts that firms invest more when output is rising and less when it is falling. The argument is that a rise in...

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acceptance

Overview page. Subjects: Economics.

Adding one's signature to a bill of exchange, thereby accepting liability to pay the bill at maturity if the original signatory fails to do so. Acceptance of a bill of exchange by an...

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acceptance credit

Overview page. Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

A means of financing the sale of goods, particularly in international trade. It involves a commercial bank or merchant bank extending credit to a foreign importer, whom it deems...

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