Book

A Dictionary of Epidemiology

Edited by Miquel Porta

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780195314496
Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780199338931 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780195314496.001.0001
A Dictionary of Epidemiology

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Activities Of Daily Living (Adl) Scale

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 70 words.

A scale devised by Katz and others17 to score physical ability/disability; used to measure outcomes of interventions for various

Activity Setting

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 50 words.

The places, events, routines, and patterns that structure the experience of everyday life; e.g., a classroom, a neighborhood resident meeting,

Actuarial Rate

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 6 words.

Actuarial Table

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 5 words.

Acute

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 39 words.

1. Referring to a health effect: sudden onset, often brief; sometimes loosely used to mean severe.

2. Referring to an

Adaptation

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 29 words.

1. The process by which organisms surmount environmental challenges. See also resilience.

2. A heritable component of the phenotype

Additive Model

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 89 words.

A model in which the combined effect on the risks or rates of several factors is the sum of the

Adelf

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 13 words.

Association des Épidémiologistes de Langue Française (Association of Epidemiologists of French Language).

Adherence

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 45 words.

Health-related behavior that adheres to the recommendations of a doctor, other health care provider, or investigator in a research project.

Adjustment

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 81 words.

A summarizing procedure for a statistical measure in which the effects of differences in composition of the populations being compared

Adult Literacy Rate

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 19 words.

The percentage of persons 15 years of age and over who can read and write.21

Adverse Reaction

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 18 words.

An undesirable or unwanted consequence of a preventive, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedure. See also side effect.

Aes

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 4 words.

American Epidemiological Society.

Aetiology

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 4 words.

Age

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 21 words.

The WHO recommends that age should be defined by completed units of time, counting the day of birth as zero.

Age Dependency Ratio

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 6 words.

Age Standardization

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 30 words.

A procedure for adjusting rates (e.g., death rates) designed to minimize the effects of differences in age composition in comparing

Agent

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 78 words.

A factor—such as a microorganism, chemical substance, or form of radiation—whose presence, excessive presence, or (in deficiency diseases) relative absence

Age-Period Cohort Analysis

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 6 words.

Age-Sex Pyramid

Edited by Miquel Porta.

in A Dictionary of Epidemiology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Epidemiology. 5 words.