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The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Michael Kent

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780198568506
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191727788 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780198568506.001.0001
The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

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Ablakov test

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 41 words.

A power test in which an athlete jumps as high as possible from a half-squat position. An automatic stop-tape, one-end attached to the athlete's waist and the other fixed to the floor,...

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able-bodied athlete

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 10 words.

An athlete who has no physically challenging disabilities.

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abnormal quadriceps pull

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 44 words.

A lateral pull of the quadriceps muscle on the patella which may result in overpronation, excessive internal rotation of the tibia, and associated knee problems. It is caused by an...

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abrasion

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 111 words.

An acute injury resulting from shearing forces between the skin surface and another surface (e.g. road surface, football pitch, mat, or skin). The skin surface is broken, but there is no...

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absence

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 18 words.

A transient loss of consciousness that may occur, for example, as a result of a physical blow.

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absolute

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 34 words.

Not relative; independent of other objects or factors. In sport, it often relates to units of strength, work, or energy that are not adjusted for individual differences, such as age,...

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absolute angle

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 30 words.

Angular orientation of a body segment measured consistently in the same direction with respect to a single, fixed line of reference, either vertical or horizontal. ...

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absolute dose

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 35 words.

The amount of drug taken up by the body. Most drugs are designed to be swallowed and absorbed into the bloodstream through the intestinal wall. Usually, not all the drug ingested is...

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absolute error

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 33 words.

The average deviation of a set of scores from a target value. Absolute error is a measure of overall error and does not take into account the direction of the deviation....

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absolute humidity

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 4 words.

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absolute load

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 17 words.

The total resistance to a movement, irrespective of an individual's body size. Compare relative load.

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absolute outcome

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 4 words.

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absolute refractory period

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 37 words.

A brief period following the stimulation of a nerve cell or muscle fibre during which the nerve cell or muscle fibre remains completely unresponsive to a stimulus, no matter how strong the...

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absolute strength

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 30 words.

The maximum force an athlete can exert with his or her whole body, or part of the body, irrespective of body size or muscle size. ...

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absorption

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 20 words.

The process by which a drug passes from its point of administration into the blood. See also intestinal absorption.

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abstinence syndrome

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 43 words.

A group of unpleasant symptoms produced by the abrupt termination of drug taking. These symptoms, commonly called withdrawal symptoms, include anxiety, muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting,...

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abstracting

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 33 words.

The process of discerning common elements in situations that are otherwise different. Abstracting is particularly useful in team games when a player is said to have the ability to ‘read a...

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academic sport psychology

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 24 words.

The traditional form of sport psychology, which focuses on the research- and teaching-orientated aspects of the subject. Compare applied sport psychology...

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acceleration

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 62 words.

The rate of change in velocity or the change in velocity occurring over a given time interval: acceleration = change of velocity/time. It is usually expressed as metres per second squared...

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acceleration due to gravity

Michael Kent.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

January 2006; p ublished online January 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine. 20 words.

Acceleration of a mass towards the centre of the Earth. See also acceleration of free fall.

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