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Prehistoric Art x clear all

Archanes

E. Sapouna-Sakellarakis.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 1047 words.

[Arkhanes]

Site in northern Crete 15 km south-east of Herakleion. Occupied in Neolithic times, it flourished in the Minoan period (c. 3500/3000–c. 1500 bc). Arthur Evans was the...

Arkalochori

D. Evely.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 602 words.

[Arkalokhori]

Minoan sacred cave in central Crete, which flourished c. 1650–c. 1425 bc. Situated 33 km south-east of Herakleion, on the west slope of Profitis Elias, a mountain...

Armant

M. S. Drower.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 370 words.

[anc. Gr. Hermonthis; Copt. Ermont]

City in Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile, some 10 km south of Luxor. It was at first called Iunu-Shema (Egyp.: ‘the southern Heliopolis’)...

Arpachiyah

Ismail Hijara.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 691 words.

Prehistoric site in northern Iraq situated c. 6 km north-east of Nineveh and 9 km east of the River Tigris. Its low mound (120 m in diameter and 11.5 m high) was excavated by Max...

Arslantepe

Marcella Frangipane.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Religious Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1511 words.

[ Malatya]

Site in eastern Turkey, in the Malatya Plain on the right bank of the River Euphrates. It is a large artificial mound (h. c. 30 m) formed by the superposition of...

Asine

Robin Hägg.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 379 words.

[now Kastraki]

Coastal site in the north-eastern Peloponnese in southern Greece, 8 km south-east of Navplion. Centred around an easily defended rocky promontory (acropolis), the...

Assyrian

John M. Russell.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 3163 words.

Name given to people of the ancient land of Assur (Assyria) in northern Mesopotamia (now Iraq), named after their state god. The Assyrian heartland is bounded on the north and east by...

Aswan

Edda Bresciani.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2310 words.

[anc. Egyp. Abu, Swenet; Copt. Sawan; Gr. Syene]

Egyptian city at the northern end of the first Nile cataract, c. 900 km south of Cairo. The modern town chiefly stretches along...

Asyut

Diana Magee.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 336 words.

[Assiut; anc. Djauty, Gr. Lycopolis, Arab. Siūt]

Capital city of the 13th Upper Egyptian nome (administrative province), situated on the west bank of the Nile at the end of...

Atchana, Tell

Dominique Collon.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 969 words.

[ Açana ; anc. Alalakh]

Site in the Amuk region, on the River Orontes in south-eastern Turkey, which is crucial for the study of Syrian history and art in the 2nd millennium bcnull...

Athribis

Ann Bomann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 720 words.

[anc. Egyp. Hwt-hery-ib; now Tell Atrib]

Site in Egypt, just north-west of Benha in the Nile Delta. The capital of the 10th nome administrative province of Lower Egypt, the...

Avaris

M. Bietak.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 326 words.

[now Tell el-Dab‛a, eastern Delta, Egypt]

Ancient capital of Egypt that flourished during the Hyksos period (c. 1640–c. 1530 bc). The Greek name ‘Avaris’ derives from an...

Avebury

Rob Jameson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; Prehistoric Art. 481 words.

Village in Wiltshire, south-west England, the site of a Late Neolithic ceremonial complex, including a massive Henge and stone circle (see fig.; see also Prehistoric Europe, §IV, 2,...

Ayia Triada

D. Evely.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art; Prehistoric Art. 1466 words.

Minoan site, possibly Palatial, on a ridge at the west end of the Mesara plain in southern Crete, inhabited from c. 3800 to c. 1100 bc. The relationship between this important centre...

Babylon

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2021 words.

[Akkad. Bab-ilim: ‘gate of god’]

Site in Iraq, 80 km south of modern Baghdad. It was once the capital and most important city of Babylonia (see Babylonian). It first rose to...

Babylonian

Joan Oates.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 659 words.

People of the ancient region of Babylonia, the southern part of ancient Mesopotamia. Babylonia occupied an area approximately from the latitude of Baghdad (Iraq) to the Gulf. It is a...

Badari, el-

Paul T. Nicholson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 360 words.

[al-Badāri]

Site in Egypt on the east bank of the Nile, where a predynastic cemetery and settlement were meticulously excavated and recorded by Guy Brunton and Gertrude...

Bahariya Oasis

A. J. Mills.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 304 words.

[Arab. al-Baḥriyya; Bahria Oasis]

Site in Egypt, just south of the latitude of Cairo and about 200 km west of the Nile, occupied from the 17th Dynasty (c. 1630–c. 1540 bc)....

Bampur

Beatrice de Cardi.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 388 words.

[Pers. Bampūr]

Site of settlements in Iranian Baluchistan (see Iran, ancient, §I, 2, (ii)), of the 4th to late 3rd millennium bc and later. It was dominated by a citadel and...

Ban Chiang

Joyce C. White.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; South and Southeast Asian Art. 421 words.

Site in north-east Thailand, c. 50 km east of Udon Thani. Excavations in 1974 and 1975 by Chester Gorman (1938–81) and Pisit Charoenwongsa (b 1938) uncovered a distinctive ceramic...