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You are looking at 41-60 of 718 items for:

Fossil Fuel Technologies x clear all

baseload generation

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 50 words.

The electricity generation required to meet the *baseload. Baseload power plants operate whenever available, because they have lower short-run ...

battery

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 188 words.

An electrochemical device for storing energy in a form that can be readily converted into electrical energy. A battery contains ...

BAU

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 6 words.

Beau de Rochas, Alphonse (1815–93)

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 72 words.

who published a pamphlet giving the first theoretical description of the four-stroke cycle for internal combustion engines in 1861; it was essentially the ...

Bernoulli, Daniel (1700–82)

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 39 words.

who is best known for his pioneering work on applying the conservation of energy to fluid flow and deducing Bernoulli’s equation. His work on fluids was published in 1738....

Bernoulli’s equation

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

Bernoulli’s principle

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 144 words.

In the steady flow of an incompressible fluid, the speed of a point rises as its pressure or elevation falls. The pressure ...

Betz limit

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 92 words.

For a wind turbine, the maximum value of the power coefficient, which is the fraction of the kinetic energy extracted by the turbine in the incident wind that passes freely through an area...

biochar

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 70 words.

A very porous form of charcoal, produced as a by-product of the *pyrolysis of *biomass, that can be used as a soil improver. When added to soil, it can retain water and nutrients, and...

biocrops

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.

biodiesel

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 106 words.

A *biofuel produced from plant oils that has similar properties to the fossil fuel diesel produced from crude oil. Biodiesel can be made from plant oils by ...

biodiversity

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 80 words.

The variety of species of plants and animals within an area. Generally species are mutually interdependent, so it is important to maintain biodiversity. For example, green plants absorb...

bioenergy crops

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 15 words.

Crops that are grown for the production of *biofuels or for combustion.

bioethanol

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 124 words.

A *biofuel produced primarily from plants containing α-glucose polymers, such as sugar cane and corn. The sugar from these plants can be directly fermented by yeast or bacteria, which...

biofuels

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 151 words.

Fuels that are produced from *biomass, in particular *bioethanol and *biodiesel. In 2012, the US (60 per cent) and Brazil (27 per cent) were the main sources of the world’s bioethanol...

biogas

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 4 words.

biomass

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 159 words.

Plants and plant- and animal-derived material such as sugar cane, corn, straw, logs, dung, and crop residues that are used either directly or indirectly to produce heat, electricity, or...

bio-oil

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 3 words.

BIPV

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 6 words.

blackbody

Nick Jelley.

in A Dictionary of Energy Science

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Technology; Fossil Fuel Technologies; Energy Economics. 5 words.