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Animal Pathology and Diseases x Aquatic Biology x clear all

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Degradation of organic matter

David L. Kirchman.

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10628 words.

The aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes is the focus of this chapter. Microbes account for about 50% of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more...

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Echinodermata

David V.P. Conway, Claudia Castellani and Eve C. Southward.

in Marine Plankton

February 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 3307 words.

This chapter describes the taxonomy of Echinodermata, a diverse group of organisms consisting systematically of five classes including sea stars (Asteroidea), brittle stars (Ophiuroidea),...

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The ecological consequences of marine hypoxia: from behavioural to ecosystem responses

Bettina Riedel, Robert Diaz, Rutger Rosenberg and Michael Stachowitsch.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13428 words.

This chapter summarizes the far-reaching consequences and ecological implications of hypoxia and anoxia (low/no oxygen), which have become a global key stressor to marine ecosystems, with...

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Ecological effects of ocean acidification

M. Débora Iglesias-Rodriguez, Katharina E. Fabricius and Paul McElhany.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 13437 words.

Changes in seawater chemistry driven by ocean acidification are altering the physiological performance and ecology of marine biota. Ocean acidification effects on calcification,...

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Ecological impacts of anthropogenic underwater noise

Jenni A. Stanley and Andrew G. Jeffs.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12330 words.

Water is an excellent medium for the transmission of underwater sound, with very low attenuation, especially at low frequencies. As a consequence many aquatic organisms use underwater sound...

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Ecological impacts of ultraviolet-B radiation on marine ecosystems

Sébastien Moreau, Francesca Vidussi, Gustavo Ferreyra and Behzad Mostajir.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 15261 words.

Ultraviolet B radiation (UVBR, 280–320 nm), the most biologically damaging portion of the solar spectra reaching the Earth’s ground, received considerable scientific attention after the...

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Ecology and Evolution of Larval Dispersal in the Deep Sea

Edited by Craig M. Young, Shawn M. Arellano, Jean-François Hamel and Annie Mercier.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12782 words.

The importance of larval dispersal in the deep ocean is generally acknowledged in studies of genetic connectivity, conservation, and population ecology, but our understanding of the...

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Ecology of High Altitude Waters

Dean Jacobsen and Olivier Dangles.

August 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 304 pages.

This book brings together current knowledge on patterns and processes in the ecology of streams, lakes, and wetlands situated at more than 3000 m above sea level. The alpine headwaters of...

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The ecology of viruses

David L. Kirchman.

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10597 words.

In addition to grazing, another form of top-down control of microbes is lysis by viruses. Every organism in the biosphere is probably infected by at least one virus, but the most common...

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Ecotoxicology in Marine Environments: The Protective Role of ABC Transporters in Sea Urchin Embryos and Larvae

Edited by Ilaria Corsi and Luis Fernando Marques-Santos.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 7782 words.

Anthropogenic contaminants with the potential to disrupt biological functions enter aquatic ecosystems from a variety of sources, and pose a potential risk to the long-term sustainability...

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Effects of changing salinity on the ecology of the marine environment

Katie Smyth and Mike Elliott.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9834 words.

Changing salinity is a master factor in the distribution of both marine and estuarine species and is limiting to freshwater organisms; hence salinity is fundamental in modifying aquatic...

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Effects of salinity as a stressor to aquatic invertebrates

Chris Hauton.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 15644 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the cellular impacts of changes in the osmotic potential of the extracellular environment and how cells and, indeed, aquatic invertebrates regulate...

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Effects of temperature stress on ecological processes

Elizabeth A. Morgan, Alastair Brown, Benjamin J. Ciotti and Anouska Panton.

in Stressors in the Marine Environment

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 8648 words.

Temperature is one of the most important abiotic factors affecting marine ecological processes: this chapter outlines global temperature variations and their consequences for ecosystem...

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Elements, biochemicals, and structures of microbes

David L. Kirchman.

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

July 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 9152 words.

Microbiologists focus on the basic biochemical make-up of microbes, such as relative amounts of protein, RNA, and DNA in cells, while ecologists and biogeochemists use elemental ratios,...

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Energy flow and species interactions at the edge

Dean Jacobsen and Olivier Dangles.

in Ecology of High Altitude Waters

August 2017; p ublished online October 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 12494 words.

Chapter 7 elucidates the relationships between the structure and functioning of aquatic ecosystems at high altitude through the description of material cycles and food webs. Following the...

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Evolutionary Development of Marine Larvae

Edited by Heather Marlow.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 11467 words.

Access to a growing number of marine invertebrates with genetic and genomic tools has broadened our understanding of the diversity of developmental mechanisms, informing our understanding...

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Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Edited by Tyler Carrier, Adam Reitzel and Andreas Heyland.

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 352 pages.

For more than a century, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, and oceanographers alike have been intellectually stimulated by marine invertebrate larval forms. In 1995, Ecology of Marine...

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Evolutionary Ecology of Parental Investment and Larval Diversity

Edited by Dustin Marshall, Justin McAlister and Adam Reitzel.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10115 words.

Marine larvae vary enormously in the amount of care (be it in the form of energy or other costly caregiving that increases offspring fitness) they receive from their parents. In contrast to...

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Evolutionary Transitions in Mode of Development

Edited by Rachel Collin and Amy Moran.

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 10248 words.

In the large body of literature on ecological and evolutionary mechanisms underlying transitions between planktotrophy and lecithotrophy, the focus has typically covered long evolutionary...

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Food Web Interactions in Freshwater Ecosystems

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson.

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Aquatic Biology; Animal Pathology and Diseases. 18684 words.

This chapter on food web interactions connects the organisms and their interactions with the abiotic frame and provides a helicopter perspective on the function of freshwater ecosystems....

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