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Motion Vision in Arthropods

Alex S. Mauss and Alexander Borst.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Sensory and Motor Systems. 17955 words.

Visual perception seems effortless to us, yet it is the product of elaborate signal processing in intricate brain circuits. Apart from vertebrates, arthropods represent another major animal...

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Motor Control in Soft-Bodied Animals

Guy Levy, Nir Nesher, Letizia Zullo and Binyamin Hochner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Sensory and Motor Systems. 10200 words.

Motor Control is essentially the computations required for producing coordinated sequences of commands from the controlling system (i.e., nervous system) to the actuation system (i.e.,...

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Neural Control of Swimming in Nudipleura Molluscs

Paul S. Katz and Akira Sakurai.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 6674 words.

This article compares the neural basis for swimming in sea slugs belonging to the Nudipleura clade of molluscs. There are two primary forms of swimming. One, dorsal/ventral (DV) body...

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Neurobiology of Reproduction in Molluscs

Carlo Di Cristo and Joris M. Koene.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 38496 words.

Ultimately, the outcome of successful reproduction—fertilization of eggs and production of surviving offspring—is relevant for how these processes evolve. However, a thorough understanding...

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Neurotransmitters and Neuropeptides of Invertebrates

Lynne A. Fieber.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Molecular and Cellular Systems. 10648 words.

This chapter introduces working definitions of neuropeptides and neurotransmitters from the perspective of invertebrate physiological processes. Neuropeptides and neurotransmitters are...

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Nonassociative Learning in Invertebrates

Alex J. Yu and Catharine H. Rankin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 17373 words.

Nonassociative learning has been extensively studied in many invertebrate species for several decades. Habituation and sensitization are ubiquitously observed in different species, and...

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Rapid Neural Polyphenism in Cephalopods

Roger T. Hanlon and Chuan-Chin Chiao.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 9387 words.

Octopus, squid, and cuttlefish can change their appearance (phenotype) in 200–700 msec due to neural control of chromatophore organs, iridophore cells, and three-dimensional papillae in...

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Recent Trends in Invertebrate Neuroscience

Alan Gelperin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 21919 words.

This article presents a selective presentation of several notable trends in invertebrate neuroscience, which are intended to illustrate the central tenant that, essentially, basic...

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Rhythmic Pattern Generation in Invertebrates

Astrid A. Prinz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 5415 words.

This chapter begins by defining central pattern generators (CPGs) and proceeds to focus on one of their core components, the timing circuit. After arguing why invertebrate CPGs are...

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Search Strategies for Intentionality in the Honeybee Brain

Randolf Menzel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology; Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience. 12688 words.

Do insects, like other animals, expect future events, predict the value of potential actions, and decide between behavioral options without having access to the indicating stimuli? These...

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Sensing Polarized Light in Insects

Thomas F. Mathejczyk and Mathias F. Wernet.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 13926 words.

Evolution has produced vast morphological and behavioral diversity amongst insects, including very successful adaptations to a diverse range of ecological niches spanning the invasion of...

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Stomatogastric Nervous System

Wolfgang Stein.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 18332 words.

The crustacean stomatogastric nervous system contains a set of distinct but interacting rhythmic motor circuits that control movements of the foregut. When isolated, these circuits produce...

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Stomatopod Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, N. Justin Marshall and Roy L. Caldwell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 8859 words.

The predatory stomatopod crustaceans, or mantis shrimp, are among the most attractive and dynamic creatures living in the sea. Their special features include their powerful raptorial...

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Urochordate Nervous Systems

Kerrianne Ryan and Ian A. Meinertzhagen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 14558 words.

Urochordates are chordate siblings that comprise the following marine invertebrates: the sessile Ascidiaceae, or sea squirts; planktonic Larvacea; and the pelagic salps, doliolids, and...

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The Vertical Lobe of Cephalopods

Ana Turchetti-Maia, Tal Shomrat and Binyamin Hochner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 9303 words.

We show that the cephalopod vertical lobe (VL) is a promising system for assessing the function and organization of the neuronal circuitry mediating complex learning and memory behavior....

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Xenacoelomorpha Nervous Systems

Pedro Martínez, Volker Hartenstein and Simon G. Sprecher.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Invertebrate Neurobiology. 16781 words.

The emergence and diversification of bilateral animals are among the most important transitions in the history of life on our planet. A proper understanding of the evolutionary process will...

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