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Cognitive Neuroscience x clear all

Auditory basis of language and learning disorders

Lorna F. Halliday and David R. Moore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13421 words.

Language and learning disorders are defined as any delay or deviance in an individual's normal language and cognitive development, which cannot be explained by a lack of opportunity to...

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Auditory development and learning

Karen Mattock, Sygal Amitay and David R. Moore.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 15477 words.

Auditory system function is constantly changing in response to internal and external forces; genetic, disease, and experience. This article addresses the changing nature of auditory...

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Auditory organization

Benjamin J. Dyson.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 15771 words.

This article provides a detailed account of auditory organization: How the auditory system separates out the sounds from different sources, and groups together the sounds from the same...

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Auditory perception: Interactions with vision

Charles Spence and Salvador Soto-Faraco.

in Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: Hearing

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13161 words.

What is heard is determined by much more than the sounds entering the ears, and the real-world perception needs to be understood as a multisensory experience. This article describes how...

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Auditory perceptual organization

Susan Denham and István Winkler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization

August 2015; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11966 words.

Sounds carry information about things that happen in our environment and so the sense of auditory perception is primarily concerned with interpreting the unfolding of events in time. In...

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Auditory prostheses for the brainstem and midbrain

Robert V. Shannon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 7116 words.

Cochlear implants (CIs) have been successful beyond wildest speculation. Efforts are now underway to improve the delivery of temporal and spectral fine structure to CIs, to provide...

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Autism Spectrum Disorders in Later Life

Ye In (Jane) Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Samuel Arnold and Julian Trollor.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental Psychology; Neuropsychology. 10465 words.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is typically recognized and diagnosed in childhood. There is no established biological marker for autism;...

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Autonomic correlates of seeing one’s own face in patients with disorders of consciousness

Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni, Caterina Prestandrea and Giuseppe Galardi.

in Neuroscience of Consciousness

P ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience; Neuroscientific Techniques; Cognitive Neuroscience; Consciousness. 5274 words.

The ability to recognize one’s own face is a hallmark of self-awareness. In healthy subjects, the sympathetic skin response evoked by self-face recognition has a greater area under the...

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Awareness of Aging Processes

Anne Josephine Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl and Manfred Diehl.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Psychology

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental Psychology; Health Psychology. 9677 words.

The term Awareness of Aging (AoA) incorporates all aspects of individuals’ perceptions, behavioral experiences, and subjective interpretations related to their process of growing older. In...

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Balint’s Syndrome and the Study of Attention

Lynn C. Robertson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience; Clinical Psychology. 8366 words.

Balint’s syndrome is the most severe neuropsychological disorder affecting spatial attention that has been observed. In humans, it can be observed after bilateral occipital-parietal damage....

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Basic Number Representation and Beyond

Chantal Roggeman, Wim Fias and Tom Verguts.

in The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

July 2015; p ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 8107 words.

We discuss recent computational network models of elementary number processing. One key issue to emerge from this work is a crucial distinction between symbolic and non-symbolic number...

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Bayesian Estimation in Hierarchical Models

John K. Kruschke and Wolf Vanpaemel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology

April 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 13219 words.

Bayesian data analysis involves describing data by meaningful mathematical models, and allocating credibility to parameter values that are consistent with the data and with prior knowledge....

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Bayesian Inference

Thomas L. Griffiths, Joshua B. Tenenbaum and Charles Kemp.

in The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

March 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 9750 words.

Inductive inferences that take us from observed data to underdetermined hypotheses are required to solve many cognitive problems, including learning categories, causal relationships, and...

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Bayesian Models of Attention

Angela J. Yu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Attention

January 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Neuroscience. 17744 words.

Traditionally, attentional selection has been thought of as arising naturally from resource limitations, with a focus on what might be the most apt metaphor, e.g. whether it is a...

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Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence for fast emergence of visual consciousness

Henry Railo, Antti Revonsuo and Mika Koivisto.

in Neuroscience of Consciousness

P ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience; Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience; Neuroscientific Techniques; Cognitive Neuroscience; Consciousness. 8112 words.

A fundamental unsettled dispute concerns how fast the brain generates subjective visual experiences. Both early visual cortical activation and later activity in fronto-parietal global...

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Behavioral Genetics, Genomics, Intelligence, and Mental Retardation

Grace Iarocci and Stephen A. Petrill.

in The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Disability and Development

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Developmental Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12843 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the current evidence on the behavioral genetic etiology of mental retardation. It begins with a history of the two-group approach and the need to...

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Behavioristic, Cognitive, Biological, and Quantitative Explanations of Timing

Russell M. Church.

in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

March 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 12913 words.

This chapter reviews the types of explanations of animal timing behavior that the author used in articles published between 1956 and 2010. It focuses on the explanation of the results of 25...

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Beyond ERPs

Marcel Bastiaansen, Ali Mazaheri and Ole Jensen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 11900 words.

The event-related potential (ERP) approach has provided a wealth of fine-grained information about the time course and the neural basis of cognitive processing events. However, in the 1980s...

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Bilingual sentence processing

Arturo E. Hernández, Eva M. Fernández and Noemí Aznar-besé.

August 2007; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience. 10284 words.

Bilinguals live in two linguistic worlds. Given the different demands of each language, one might think that each system functions independently. However, bilinguals do not behave like two...

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Binaural localization cues

Tom C.T. Yin and Shigeyuki Kuwada.

in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Auditory Brain

January 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Psychology; Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognitive Psychology. 15821 words.

Integrating inputs from the two ears gives the auditory system spatial information about the location of the sound source along the horizontal dimension. This article discusses the neural...

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