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You are looking at 41-60 of 103 items for:

Social Sciences x Ethnomusicology x African Languages x Regional and Area Studies x clear all

Feminism

Desiree Lewis.

in African Studies

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 7187 words.

Contemporary forms of feminist activism in Africa originated in women’s participation in nationalist struggles during the 1960s. Women’s experiences of armed struggle and activism...

Food and Food Production

Ayodeji Olukoju.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 9307 words.

The transition from a hunter-gatherer existence to food production and urbanization was a turning point in human history. In Africa, the acclaimed cradle of the human race, the...

Gabon

Jeremy Rich.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10543 words.

Located in West Central Africa, Gabon is a country on the South Atlantic coast. The equator passes through the center of the country. Largely made up of rainforests, Gabon has been the home...

Geography and the Study of Africa

Heidi G. Frontani.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10870 words.

All geographers, including those with regional interests in Africa, study the earth via inquiries related to the most basic geographic question: “Why there?” Geography is a broad...

German Colonial Rule

Marianne Bechhaus-Gerst.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 8709 words.

With the exception of Brandenburg-Prussia’s short-lived attempt to gain a foothold on the West African coast and to participate in the 17th-century transatlantic slave trade, German...

Guinea

Mohamed Saliou Camara.

in African Studies

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 13133 words.

The land, societies, and cultures that constitute the present-day Republic of Guinea played an important part in the rich past of West Africa, including the founding of centralized states...

Historiography and Methods of African History

Funso Afolayan.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 11850 words.

The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians...

History and the Study of Africa

Jonathan Reynolds.

in African Studies

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 12941 words.

The land mass known as Africa and its inhabitants have a long, dynamic, and often contentious relationship with the writing of history. Nonetheless, it is the fluid and often acrimonious...

The Image of Africa

Curtis Keim.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 11591 words.

Since World War II, Westerners have become increasingly self-critical regarding their images of the world. Factors such as the Holocaust, the independence of countries in Africa and Asia,...

Indian Ocean and Middle Eastern Slave Trades

George M. La Rue.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 11390 words.

Although slavery and some regional slave trading existed in earlier eras, the spread of Islam in the 7th and 8th centuries led to increases in long-distance trading in both the Middle East...

Indian Ocean Trade

Edward A. Alpers.

in African Studies

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10144 words.

Africans have traded with the Indian Ocean World for millennia. Beginning with the exchange of food crops by anonymous Africans and Asians perhaps some forty-five hundred years ago, the...

Informal Economy

Martin J. Murray and Dana Kornberg.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 21073 words.

Generally speaking, the term “informal economy” refers to income-generating activities that take place outside official state regulation. In scholarly writing, terms like informal economy,...

Iron Working and the Iron Age in Africa

Rachel MacLean.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10263 words.

Iron technology first appears in the African continent in the 1st millennium bce, and the term Iron Age is generally used, certainly south of the Sahara, to describe iron-using communities...

Islam in Africa

John H. Hanson.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 17930 words.

Islam in Africa has its roots in the origins of the faith, as Ethiopia was a refuge for Muslims who fled Arabia during the time of Islam’s prophet Muhammad (b. c. 570–d. 632 ce), and then...

Islamic Politics

Kenneth Menkhaus and Maren Milligan.

in African Studies

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 17126 words.

“Political Islam,” like “Islamism,” is a contested term employed in different ways by different scholars (see General Overviews). For our purposes it encompasses all dimensions of Islamic...

Kongo and the Coastal States of West Central Africa

Jelmer Vos.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 7836 words.

The kingdom of Kongo emerged sometime in the 14th century in the border region of modern northern Angola and the southwestern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. During its heyday in...

Kongo Atlantic Diaspora

John M. Janzen.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 15165 words.

The full African diaspora must include references to actors, localities, or cultural features in the Mediterranean, continental Europe, and South Asia as well as North and South America...

Language and the Study of Africa

Lameen Souag and Philip J. Jaggar.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10311 words.

Africa is home to a substantial portion of the world’s linguistic diversity. Estimating the total number of different languages is difficult, given that much of Africa is in dialect...

Liberia

Adebayo Oyebade.

in African Studies

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 8692 words.

Liberia is located on the continent’s west coast on the Atlantic. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to the west, Guinea to the north, and Côte d’Ivoire to the east and northeast. Officially...

Libya

Silvia Marsans-Sakly.

in African Studies

P ublished online September 2013 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 16191 words.

Libya is the fourth-largest nation in Africa in area, but the least populated. Population is concentrated along the narrow coastline while most of the rest of the country is desert. The...