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Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman

Geoffrey Goodman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Business and Management; Medicinal Chemistry. 3714 words.

Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman, was born at 26 Aikenhead Road, Govanhill, Glasgow, on 15 August 1912, the eldest child in the family of...

Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist

C. M. Wright.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1422 words.

Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry,...

Forbes, David (1828–1876), geological chemist and mining engineer

W. H. Brock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Engineering and Technology; Medicinal Chemistry; Geology and the Lithosphere. 985 words.

Forbes, David (1828–1876), geological chemist and mining engineer, was born at Douglas, Isle of Man, on 6 September 1828, one of the eight surviving children and fifth son of Edward Forbes (null...

Frazer, John Fries

Mark D. Bowles.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 853 words.

Frazer, John Fries (08 July 1812–12 October 1872), scientist and educator, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Robert Frazer, a lawyer, and Elizabeth Fries. By the time he...

Garton, Sir Richard Charles (1857–1934), chemist and brewer

Fiona Wood.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 799 words.

Garton, Sir Richard Charles (1857–1934), chemist and brewer, was born at 11 Richmond Place, Bedminster, Somerset, on 8 October 1857, the eldest of five sons of William Garton (1832–1905) a...

Giauque, William Francis

George B. Kauffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 2188 words.

Giauque, William Francis (12 May 1895–28 March 1982), chemist and educator, was born in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, the son of William Tecumseh Sherman Giauque, a railroad worker, and...

Griffin, John Joseph (1802–1877), chemist, author, and business manager

Brian Gee.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Medicinal Chemistry. 1704 words.

Griffin, John Joseph (1802–1877), chemist, author, and business manager, the fourth and youngest son of Joseph Griffin (1752–1838), was born at Webb Square in Shoreditch, London, on 22...

Griscom, John

Helen M. Rozwadowski.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 880 words.

Griscom, John (27 September 1774–26 February 1852), teacher, chemist, and philanthropist, was born in Hancock’s Bridge, New Jersey, the son of William Griscom, a farmer and saddle and...

Gross, Paul Magnus

Albert B. Costa.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Organization and Management of Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1142 words.

Gross, Paul Magnus (15 September 1895–04 May 1986), physical chemist and university administrator, was born in New York City, the son of Magnus Gross, an educator and city official, and...

Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker

C. H. Desch.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Metals, Alloying, and Corrosion; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 1506 words.

Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker, was born in the Vestry Hall, Hilltop, Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 28 November 1858. He was the only son...

Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer

Simon Jones.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering and Technology; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; Medicinal Chemistry. 1351 words.

Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878),...

Hartley, Sir Harold Brewer (1878–1972), physical chemist and industrial consultant

E. J. Bowen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Medicinal Chemistry. 1847 words.

Hartley, Sir Harold Brewer (1878–1972), physical chemist and industrial consultant, was born on 3 September 1878 in London, the only son of Harold Thomas Hartley, a mineral water...

Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist

Frank Greenaway.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry; Pharmacology. 1003 words.

Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents...

Hildebrand, Joel Henry

George B. Kauffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1864 words.

Hildebrand, Joel Henry (16 November 1881–30 April 1983), chemist and educator, was born in Camden, New Jersey, the son of Howard Ovid Hildebrand, who was in the life insurance business, and...

Hill, Henry Aaron

Kenneth R. Manning.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Science and Mathematics; Medicinal Chemistry. 1180 words.

Hill, Henry Aaron (30 May 1915–17 March 1979), chemist and businessman, was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, the son of William Anthony Hill II, the head waiter at a local hotel, and Kate Anna...

Hogness, Thorfin Rusten

Robert M. Hawthorne.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1167 words.

Hogness, Thorfin Rusten (09 December 1894–14 February 1976), chemist and educator, was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of Peter Gunerius Hogness and Amanda Rusten. He was educated...

Hope, Thomas Charles (1766–1844), chemist and educationist

Jack Morrell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1270 words.

Hope, Thomas Charles (1766–1844), chemist and educationist, was born on 21 July 1766 in Edinburgh, the third of four sons and a daughter of John Hope (1725–1786), professor of botany at the...

Howe, James Lewis

George B. Kauffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences; Medicinal Chemistry. 1015 words.

Howe, James Lewis (04 August 1859–20 December 1955), chemist and bibliographer of the platinum metals, was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, the son of Francis Augustine Howe, a...

Humfrey, William (c. 1515–1579), mining promoter and assayer

David Kiernan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Medicinal Chemistry. 737 words.

Humfrey, William (c. 1515–1579), mining promoter and assayer, about whom nothing is known before 1560, was a central figure in the Elizabethan government's attempt to revitalize the...

Irvine, Sir James Colquhoun (1877–1952), chemist and educationist

David Traill.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 1470 words.

Irvine, Sir James Colquhoun (1877–1952), chemist and educationist, was born in Glasgow on 9 May 1877, the younger son of John Irvine, who came of yeoman farmer stock but was himself a...