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Archer, Sir Geoffrey Francis (1882–1964), colonial governor

M. W. Daly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 869 words.

Archer, Sir Geoffrey Francis (1882–1964), colonial governor, was born on 4 July 1882 at 10 Somers Place, Paddington, London, the second son of Francis Bradley Archer, a banker, and his...

Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

Argall, Sir Samuel (bap. 1580, d. 1626), colonial governor and merchant

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1561 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (bap. 1580, d. 1626), colonial governor and merchant, was baptized on 4 December 1580 at Holy Trinity, East Peckham, Kent, the fourth son of Richard Argall (c.1533–1588),...

Armitage, Sir Robert Perceval (1906–1990), colonial governor

Colin Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1079 words.

Armitage, Sir Robert Perceval (1906–1990), colonial governor, was born on 21 December 1906 at Nungumbaukum, Madras, India, the first of two children of Frank Armitage (1872–1955) of the...

Army-McCarthy Hearings

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Politics.

(1954)

The televised hearings that investigated alleged communist infiltration of the U.S. Army diminished public support for Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (Republican–Wisconsin) and...

See overview in Oxford Index

Arnold, Jonathan

Michael A. Bellesiles.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 886 words.

Arnold, Jonathan (03 December 1741–01 February 1793), political leader of the revolutionary period, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of Josiah Arnold and Amy Phillips,...

Arthur, Sir George, first baronet (1784–1854), colonial official

A. G. L. Shaw.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1902 words.

Arthur, Sir George, first baronet (1784–1854), colonial official, the youngest son of John Arthur of Plymouth, maltster, brewer, landowner, councillor, mayor, and 'gentleman', and of...

Articles of Confederation

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — United States History.

On 7 June 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia moved in the Second Continental Congress that the thirteen American colonies declare their independence from Great Britain, and that Congress...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ashe, John

Joshua L. McKaughan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 1219 words.

Ashe, John (1720?–24 October 1781), colonial politician and military officer, was born in the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe, an assemblyman, and...

Ashe, Thomas Samuel

William S. Powell.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 958 words.

Ashe, Thomas Samuel (19 July 1812–04 February 1887), jurist and congressman, was born at “the Hawfields,” Orange County, North Carolina, the home of his maternal grandfather, where his...

Ashley, William Henry

David J. Wishart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1130 words.

Ashley, William Henry (1778–26 March 1838), fur trader and politician, was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia. His parents are unknown, and there is no definitive record of his early...

Ashmun, Jehudi

Salim Yaqub.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Religion and Education. 1133 words.

Ashmun, Jehudi (21 April 1794–25 August 1828), colonial agent and missionary in West Africa, was born in Champlain, New York, the son of Samuel Ashmun, a justice of the peace, and Parthenia...

Asquith, Julian Edward George, second earl of Oxford and Asquith (1916–2011), colonial governor

Alex May.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1177 words.

Asquith, Julian Edward George, second earl of Oxford and Asquith (1916–2011), colonial governor, was born on 22 April 1916 at 49 Bedford Square, London, the son of Raymond Asquith...

Astell [formerly Thornton], William (1774–1847), director of the East India Company

Katherine Prior.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 467 words.

Astell [formerly Thornton], William (1774–1847), director of the East India Company, was born on 13 October 1774, the second son of Godfrey Thornton of Mogerhanger and Everton, a director...

Atkinson, Richard (1739–1785), merchant and director of the East India Company

J. G. Parker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 869 words.

Atkinson, Richard (1739–1785), merchant and director of the East India Company, was born in Westmorland on 10 March 1739 and baptized on 5 April at St James's Church, Temple Sowerby,...

Attucks, Crispus

Harry M. Ward.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; World History; Travel and Holiday. 848 words.

Attucks, Crispus (1723–05 March 1770), probably a sailor, was the first to be killed in the Boston Massacre of 5 March 1770. Generally regarded to have been of mixed ancestry (African,...

Auchmuty, Robert, Jr.

David E. Maas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1237 words.

Auchmuty, Robert, Jr. (1725–11 December 1788), lawyer and Loyalist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Scottish-born Robert Auchmuty, a judge of admiralty in Massachusetts, and...

Auchmuty, Samuel

David E. Maas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1311 words.

Auchmuty, Samuel (16 January 1722–04 March 1777), Episcopal minister and Loyalist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Scottish-born Robert Auchmuty, a judge of admiralty in...

Aung San (1915–1947), politician in Burma

S. R. Ashton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Asian Politics; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1232 words.

Aung San (1915–1947), politician in Burma, was born on 13 February 1915 at Natmauk, a small town in the Magwe district of central Burma, the youngest of nine children of U Pha, lawyer, and...

Aungier, Francis, first earl of Longford (c. 1632–1700), politician and administrator in Ireland

Toby Barnard.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; UK Politics. 1123 words.

Aungier, Francis, first earl of Longford (c. 1632–1700), politician and administrator in Ireland, was the son and heir of the Revd Ambrose Aungier (c.1597–1654) and his wife, Griselda or...