Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 41-60 of 470 items for:

Overview x Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution x clear all

Carl von Ossietzky

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Carl von Ossietzky (1889–1938) was a German journalist and pacifist, who was awarded the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize for his work. Ossietzky was born in Hamburg on 3 October 1889 ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Carter Center

Overview page. Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy,...

See overview in Oxford Index

Catholic Peace Traditions

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Catholic peacemaking includes three major traditions: (1) evangelical nonviolence practiced by individuals, groups, and mass movements; (2) just-war theory and practice borrowed from Roman...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ceasefires and Facilitation of Ceasefires

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Ceasefires refer to the cessation of violent acts between combatants. They are often limited in duration and apply to specific combatants or types of violent activity. A ceasefire might act...

See overview in Oxford Index

Center for Research on Conflict Resolution

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

In the mid-1950s at the Stanford University Center of Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences, a lively and concerned group of American social scientists was meeting on a regular basis....

See overview in Oxford Index

child soldiers

Overview page. Subjects: International Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

It is an offence under the Statute of the International Criminal Court to conscript or enlist children under the age of fifteen in the armed forces or use them to participate actively in...

See overview in Oxford Index

Children in War and Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The rights of children as defined by the United Nations and the price that children pay for war and other forms of violence can be viewed according to two themes ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Christian Ethics and Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The history of Christian ethics and peace—occasionally referred to as the peace testimony—is long, contradictory, and bloody. Although they regard Jesus of Nazareth, the embodiment of...

See overview in Oxford Index

Christian Peace Testimony

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Numerous Christian organizations advocating peace and justice engage in a range of activities. The diversity of Christian peacemaking and its current status reflects the history of three...

See overview in Oxford Index

Christmas Truce of 1914

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Although World War I ranks as one of the most horrific conflicts in history, causing about 40 million casualties and up to 20 million military and civilian deaths, it also ...

See overview in Oxford Index

Church of Brethren

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Church of the Brethren is the largest of six major North American groups that trace their origins to the Brethren movement founded in 1708 in Schwarzenau, Germany. Eight adults ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Cities of Peace

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Although matters of war and peace in the traditional international system have been the prerogative of states, cities (among other actors in the global arena) have come to the fore ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Civil Disobedience to Prevent Mobilization

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Civil disobedience, and other forms of nonviolent action, can be important tools to resist and subvert the use of military force. Preventing mobilization of military forces poses...

See overview in Oxford Index

Civil Resistance as a Defense Policy

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The most widespread understanding of statehood draws on Max Weber’s definition: the modern state is characterized by its ability to claim the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical...

See overview in Oxford Index

Civil Resistance as a Peace Policy

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

Strategies of civil resistance have been adopted as a peace policy in societies either at war or in danger of war. Two outstanding examples are the policy of nonviolence maintained ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Civil Rights Association of Northern Ireland

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The starting point for civil rights protests in Northern Ireland was the eviction in March 1963 of Catholic families from council houses in Dungannon, County Tyrone. On 24 January 1967 ...

null...

See overview in Oxford Index

Civilian Peacekeeping

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

In the literature of peace research, the concept of “peacekeeping” describes one of three complementary strategies for tackling violent conflict. Peacekeeping is aimed at reducing the overt...

See overview in Oxford Index

Classical World, 2000 bce to 400 ce

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The Classical World is traditionally understood as the civilizing processes that emerged around Greece and Rome. Close relationships established between the two are intrinsic in their...

See overview in Oxford Index

Climate Change and Its Implications for Conflict

Overview page. Subjects: Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

The effects of global warming are widely recognized, including rising sea levels, freak storms, droughts, floods, and wildfires. These dramatic changes have dire human consequences,...

See overview in Oxford Index

combatant

Overview page. Subjects: Law — Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution.

During the course of an armed conflict between two or more states the members of their armed forces have a right to take part in hostilities as combatants. Should they ...

See overview in Oxford Index