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ADOLESCENTS’ MIDPOINT RESPONSES ON LIKERT-TYPE SCALE ITEMS: NEUTRAL OR MISSING VALUES?

Quinten A W Raaijmakers.

in International Journal of Public Opinion Research

June 2000; p ublished online June 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Marketing; Media and Communication; Political Behaviour; Social Research and Statistics. 0 words.

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Advancing Framing Theory: Designing an Equivalency Frame to Improve Political Information Processing

Hillary C Shulman and Matthew D Sweitzer.

in Human Communication Research

April 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Use of Technology in Communication; Communication Theory and Methodology; International and Global Communication; Interpersonal and Intergroup Communication. 8776 words.

Abstract

This experiment tested whether a communication frame could be developed to improve undergraduates’ understanding of contemporary political issues....

Advertisers as Agents for Change in Health and Risk Messaging

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Communication Studies. 6367 words.

The advertising industry is often seen as being at odds with various public health efforts. Commentaries have been written critiquing

Advertisers as Agents for Change in Health and Risk Messaging

Michael Mackert and Marie Guadagno.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 6742 words.

Advertising as a field and industry often has a contentious relationship with both health communication and public health due to legitimate concerns about how advertising for certain...

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Advertising

Esther Thorson.

in Communication

P ublished online February 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10107 words.

Advertising is defined as paid communication from an identified sponsor using mass media to persuade an audience. There are many ways to promote ideas, brands, politicians, or issues, but...

Advertising and Journalism

Corinna Lauerer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online July 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10294 words.

News is produced primarily to inform readers and viewers. However, audiences are charged only a fraction of the high production costs or not asked to pay at all. The reason is subsidy by...

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Advertising and Persuasion

Kevin D. Thomas.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 222 words.

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Please check back later for the full article.

When...

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Advice: Communicating to Support and Influence

Erina MacGeorge and Lyn Van Swol.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 12320 words.

Advice is a recommendation for action that includes both suggestions for behavior and ways of feeling and thinking about the problem. It is a ubiquitous phenomenon in personal and...

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Advocacy Groups as Agents for Change in Health and Risk Messaging

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10440 words.

Definitions and Background

Defining Advocacy

Advocacy is the systematic process set in motion by an individual or group of individuals

Advocacy Groups as Agents for Change in Health and Risk Messaging

Jen Ptacek, Kirstin N. Dolick and Marifran Mattson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10820 words.

Advocacy can be defined as the systematic process set in motion by an individual or group of individuals to encourage, support, and empower others surrounding a topic in need of change....

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Advocacy Journalism

Ingrid Bachmann.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 6731 words.

A contested term with defenders and critics, advocacy journalism refers to a genre of journalism that combines reporting with a point of view. With roots as far as the origins of journalism...

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Affect in Critical Studies

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

March 2019; p ublished online March 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social Sciences; Communication Studies. 10477 words.

Affect is a complex and often contentious concept. So much so that one is likely to encounter nearly as many conceptions and uses of affect as there are scholars of affect. ...

Affect in Critical Studies

Brian L. Ott.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10589 words.

Affect has historically been conceptualized in one of two dominant ways. The first perspective, which has its roots in psychology and neuroscience, tends to view affect as an elemental...

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Affective Imagery, Risk Perceptions, and Climate Change Communication

Anthony Leiserowitz and Nicholas Smith.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10729 words.

Affective imagery, or connotative meanings, play an important role in shaping public risk perceptions, policy support, and broader responses to climate change. These simple “top-of-mind”...

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Affective Priming in Political Campaigns: How Campaign-Induced Emotions Prime Political Opinions

Rinaldo Kühne, Christian Schemer, Jörg Matthes and Werner Wirth.

in International Journal of Public Opinion Research

December 2011; p ublished online August 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Marketing; Media and Communication; Political Behaviour; Social Research and Statistics. 8287 words.

Campaign priming is generally assumed to function through the activation of memory content. By focusing on specific issues or issue aspects, campaigns render corresponding cognitive...

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African Americans

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communication

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Communication Studies. 9 words.

Age Differences in Value Orientation—Life Cycle or Cohort Effects?

Ottar Hellevik.

in International Journal of Public Opinion Research

September 2002; p ublished online September 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Marketing; Media and Communication; Political Behaviour; Social Research and Statistics. 0 words.

A series of biennial surveys in Norway have found large age differences in value orientation, exceeding those found for other social background variables. What lies behind the age...

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Agenda Building, Narratives, and Attention Cycles in Climate Change News Coverage

James Shanahan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 6206 words.

Social scientists and media critics have often been befuddled about how and why news coverage of important issues takes the shapes that it does. While some issues seem to behave according...

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Agenda Setting

Hans-Bernd Brosius and Alexander Haas.

in Communication

P ublished online February 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Communication Studies. 10026 words.

The original idea of the agenda-setting (AS) function of news media is both obvious and convincing. This may have contributed to the fact that AS is one of the most frequently investigated...

AGENDA SETTING AND COMMUNITY CONSENSUS: FIRST AND SECOND LEVEL EFFECTS

Esteban López-Escobar, Juan Pablo Llamas and Maxwell McCombs.

in International Journal of Public Opinion Research

January 1998; p ublished online January 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Communication Studies; Marketing; Media and Communication; Political Behaviour; Social Research and Statistics. 0 words.

This study explores two sets of hypotheses: An increment in media use for political information corresponds to (1) an increment in community consensus about social priorities (first level...

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