Book

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Edited by Michael Gelder, Nancy Andreasen, Juan Lopez-Ibor [[missing key: and]] John Geddes

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696758.001.0001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

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The child psychiatrist as consultant to schools and colleges

Simon G. Gowers and Sian Thomas.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 4159 words.

As participation in education is almost universally compulsory for children, schools are in a unique position to offer prevention and identification of child mental health problems....

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Child trauma

David Trickey and Dora Black.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 3086 words.

This chapter will focus on the impact on children of traumatic events other than child abuse or neglect, which are covered in Chapter 9.3.3. According to the DSM-IV-TR definition of...

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Children's speech and language difficulties

Judy Clegg.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 7725 words.

Speech and language difficulties have a significant impact on the lives of children and their families. This chapter will give an overview of the types of speech and language difficulties...

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Chronic fatigue syndrome

Michael Sharpe and Simon Wessely.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 6962 words.

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a controversial condition, conflicts about which have frequently burst out of the medical literature into the popular media. Whilst these controversies may...

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Classification, diagnosis, psychiatric assessment, and needs assessment

A. J. Holland.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5782 words.

The general principles developed during the latter part of the twentieth century and continued into the twenty-first century guiding support for people with intellectual disabilities remain...

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Clinical features of mood disorders and mania

Per Bech.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 4566 words.

The clinical spectrum of the states of depression and mania has been described in Fig. 4.5.2.1 by the symptomatic dimensions of severity as validated by clinician-rated scales. Thus,...

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The clinical neuropsychology of schizophrenia

Philip D. Harvey and Christopher R. Bowie.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 2876 words.

Impairments in a variety of cognitive functions are found in patients with schizophrenia. These impairments affect a wide array of different cognitive abilities and are often quite severe,...

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Cognitive assessment

Graham E. Powell.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 8117 words.

Psychometric methods based on classical test theory have permitted the development of reliable and valid tests assessing a wide range of intellectual and cognitive functions. Test results...

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Cognitive behaviour therapies for children and families

Philip Graham.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 10115 words.

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is derived from both behavioural and cognitive theories. Using concepts such as operant conditioning and reinforcement, behavioural theories treat...

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Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety disorders

David M. Clark.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 12013 words.

Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety disorders is a brief psychological treatment (1 to 16 sessions), based on the cognitive model of emotional disorders. Within this model, it is...

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Cognitive behaviour therapy for depressive disorders

Melanie J. V. Fennell.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 7851 words.

This chapter describes A.T. Beck's cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for depression. Beck's is probably the most fully developed, comprehensively evaluated, and widely disseminated...

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Cognitive behaviour therapy for eating disorders

Zafra Cooper, Rebecca Murphy and Christopher G. Fairburn.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 4447 words.

The eating disorders provide one of the strongest indications for cognitive behaviour therapy. This bold claim arises from the demonstrated effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy in...

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Cognitive behaviour therapy for schizophrenia

Max Birchwood and Elizabeth Spencer.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5186 words.

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for schizophrenia focuses on the core psychotic symptoms of hallucinations and delusions. Other psychosocial approaches to psychosis (e.g. intervention...

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Cognitive disorders, epilepsy, ADHD, and offending

Norbert Nedopil.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 3843 words.

‘Cognitive disorders’ is a broad and heterogeneous diagnostic category, which includes different disorders, each with a distinct aetiology. They affect individuals in different ways...

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Complementary medicines

Ursula Werneke.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 3040 words.

Complementary medicines pose a particular challenge to medical practitioners who may feel that their patients need conventional treatment but often find themselves out of their depth when...

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Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence

Stephen Scott.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 9858 words.

The term conduct disorder refers to a persistent pattern of antisocial behaviour in which the individual repeatedly breaks social rules and carries out aggressive acts which upset other...

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The contribution of epidemiology to psychiatric aetiology

Scott Henderson.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 7749 words.

The epidemiology of psychiatric disorders has shown the extent to which these are present in all human populations. It has also provided a large body of knowledge about aetiology. Now that...

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Conversion and dissociation disorders

Christopher Bass.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 8873 words.

Of all the disorders characterized by symptoms in the absence of disease, conversion disorders are perhaps the most difficult to explain. How, for example, can one explain functional...

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Counselling

Diana Sanders.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 12580 words.

People seek counselling for many reasons. Sometimes those who have had no previous need for mental health services are literally stopped in their tracks by life events—illness, family...

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Counselling and psychotherapy for children

John B. Pearce.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5184 words.

There is a remarkable lack of high quality research to support an evidence base for counselling and psychotherapy for children. And the words ‘psychotherapy’ and ‘counselling’ are so...

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