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Origins of Life and Origins of Species

Gordon Lindsay Campbell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 7316 words.

The origins of life have been the subject of mythology, which tends to focus on the origins of gods and humans rather than animals. Animals in myth are often derived from humans. That...

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Part-Animal Gods

Emma Aston.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 8220 words.

This chapter examines the ancient practice of depicting gods in hybrid form, particularly being partly theriomorphic and partly anthropomorphic. It explains that there are numerous hybrid...

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Pets

Michael MacKinnon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 5996 words.

This chapter examines pet-keeping in Graeco-Roman antiquity. It analyses evidence drawn from images of animals from ancient art and material culture, references to animals in ancient texts...

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Phidippides

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Classical Studies.

A long‐distance courier who Herodotus says ran from Athens to Sparta in 490 bc to enlist help for the battle of Marathon (see marathon, battle of), reaching his destination ‘next day’; a...

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Philosophical Vegetarianism and Animal Entitlements

Daniel A. Dombrowski.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 10960 words.

This chapter explores the philosophical arguments in the ancient world both for and against the vegetarian position. It discusses how a belief about a Golden Age of vegetarianism provided...

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Remembering Children in the Roman Catacombs

Jenny R. Kreiger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 12186 words.

The engraved plaques used to seal burial niches in the Roman catacombs constitute a rich resource for research on the commemoration of children in late antiquity. By comparing epitaphs and...

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Retrosexuality

Amy Richlin.

in The Oxford Handbook to the Second Sophistic

December 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality. 10673 words.

This chapter argues that Second Sophistic texts express the erotic in terms of the past: retrosexuality. Starting from the all-male bilingual dinner party at Gellius 19.9, the discussion...

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Roman Prostitutes and Marginalization

Thomas A. J. McGinn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Gender and Sexuality. 8272 words.

This article examines the marginalization of Roman prostitutes. It first looks at how prostitutes were marginalized, including the mechanisms that were used to move them to the very edges...

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Sex and Sexuality

Larry Scanlon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Latin Literature

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 9259 words.

This article analyzes the ways that Latin texts not only reflect but also fundamentally inflect the production of a central aspect of the interior self, namely, sexuality. Two tenacious...

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Sexuality

Rebecca Flemming.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 8716 words.

Roman sexuality is only just emerging from the scholarly shadows. As the sexual domain became a valid, and increasingly vital, subject of historical enquiry, it was classical Greece that...

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Sexuality and Gender

Laura McClure.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Gender and Sexuality. 4987 words.

In discussing sexual identity, this article focuses on specific issues in understanding how individuals could be constructed as sexual beings. The ancient Greeks themselves had no specific...

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Shifting Gender

Lesley A. Beaumont.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 5558 words.

This chapter explores the nexus between childhood gender and the variables of age and social status in fifth-century BCE Athens. Employing the evidence of ancient Greek literature and of...

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Spectacles of Animal Abuse

Jo-Ann Shelton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 8853 words.

This chapter explores the community-sanctioned spectacles of animal abuse, particularly the domination and/or destruction of animals as an entertainment, in the ancient world. It describes...

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Stages of Infancy in Roman Amphora Burial

Susan T. Stevens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 7994 words.

This study of infant amphora burial (infants under one year of age buried inside single amphoras) uses data from published Roman cemeteries in North Africa to show that the very young were...

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Status and Burial

John Pearce.

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 10375 words.

This chapter presents the burial of the dead as a key arena, like public and domestic space, for articulating status relationships. In mortuary rites distinctions of rank and resources were...

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Status and Burial

John Pearce.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Britain

September 2016; p ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 10377 words.

This chapter presents the burial of the dead as a key arena, like public and domestic space, for articulating status relationships. In mortuary rites distinctions of rank and resources were...

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Toys, Dolls, and the Material Culture of Childhood

Mary Harlow.

in The Oxford Handbook of Childhood and Education in the Classical World

December 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family; Historical Archaeology. 8495 words.

When is a toy not a toy? The material culture of childhood in the past is notoriously difficult to locate but is most often identified in terms of playthings. This chapter looks at the...

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Value Economics

Timothy Howe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 9994 words.

This chapter examines value economics in ancient Greece and Rome and the attitudes towards animals, wealth, and the market. It analyses Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey in order to understand the...

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Veterinary Medicine

Veronika Goebel and Joris Peters.

in The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life

August 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Marriage and the Family. 8481 words.

This chapter examines the history of veterinary medicine in the Classical period. It explains that it was only in Roman times that veterinary medicine gained admission to Classical...

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Women

Kristina Milnor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Gender and Sexuality. 6282 words.

What is a woman? Is ‘women’ most appropriately a category of biology? Of society or culture? Of language? Is naming oneself a woman a right? A responsibility? A burden? These questions are...

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