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athletics

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Classical Studies.

Greek

At the core of Greek athletics was an individual's struggle to gain victory over an opponent; hence it included not only (as ‘athletics’ implies nowadays) track and field...

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demagogue

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Politics.

Like democracy, the idea of a demagogue has its roots in the ambiguous Greek word demos meaning ‘the people’, but in the sense of either ‘the population’ or ‘the mob’. Thus a demagogue was,...

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housework

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Sociology.

‘Women's work’ meant weaving and the other tasks required in fabric‐making: cleaning and carding wool, spinning and dyeing thread. Xenophon, in his Oeconomicus, envisages a young wife whose...

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latifundia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Economic History.

[MC]

Large planned agricultural estates geared to efficient production and high profits through the use of cheap, often slave labour. Although strictly a Roman term, its use...

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M. I. Finley

Overview page. Subjects: Economics — Classical Studies.

(1912–86)

Sir Moses Finley was born in New York City as Moses Israel Finkelstein on 20 May 1912. He died in Cambridge on 23 June 1986. Growing up in New ...

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Mediterranean Sea and Region

Overview page. Subjects: Economic History — Classical Studies.

The Mediterranean Sea, known in Arabic as the “White Sea,” is the largest inland sea in the world, covering some 965,000 square miles (2.5 million square kilometers). Lying amid the ...

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oligarchy

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Social Sciences.

Any form of government in which there is ‘rule by a few’; for example, by members of a self-regulating elite having domination over a larger society. See also Michels; political sociology.

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phalanx

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Warfare and Defence.

(in ancient Greece) a body of Macedonian infantry drawn up in close order with shields touching and long spears overlapping.

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Phidippides

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Classical Studies.

A long‐distance courier who Herodotus says ran from Athens to Sparta in 490 bc to enlist help for the battle of Marathon (see marathon, battle of), reaching his destination ‘next day’; a...

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Plato

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Classical Studies.

ancient Greek philosopher; born ca.429 b.c., died 347.

He was, along with Aristotle, one of the pillars

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