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despotism

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) — Politics.

Autocratic rule by one person. Thus in its original Greek sense a ‘despot’ was the lord or ruler of an unfree state. The Byzantine emperor was routinely referred to as a despot, the title...

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Physiocrats

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Modern History (1700 to 1945).

Group of eighteenth‐century French economists who believed that the land is the ultimate source of all wealth, and also in free trade in grain. The latter belief, but not the former,...

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Toryism

Overview page. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945) — Politics.

More than just a colloquial synonym for Conservatism, the word Tory is older. Derived from the Irish for ‘pursuer’, it was applied first to Catholic outlaws in mid‐seventeenth‐century...

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