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anti-psychiatry

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

A radical critique of traditional (especially medical) approaches to mental disorders, influenced by existentialism and sociology, popularized by the Scottish psychiatrist Ronald D(avid)...

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carnivalesque

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

Mikhail Bakhtin, a Russian linguist and literary critic writing in the first half of the 20th century, used this term to characterize writing that depicts the de-stabilization or reversal...

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commodity fetishism

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

The mistaken view that the value of a commodity is intrinsic and the corresponding failure to appreciate the investment of labour that went into its production. Karl Marx created this term,...

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David Harvey

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1935–)

British*Marxistgeographer. Born in Kent, Harvey completed both his BA and PhD at St Johns College, Cambridge. His first appointment was at the University of Bristol, where...

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Donald Woods Winnicott

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1896–1971)

A British paediatrician and psychoanalyst whose work on the mother-baby relationship directed attention to the infant's environment and to ‘good-enough mothering’....

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Félix Guattari

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies — Social Sciences.

(1930–92)

Frenchpsychoanalyst, political activist, and philosopher. He is best known for the books he co-wrote with French philosopher Gilles Deleuze: L'Anti-Oedipe: Capitalisme et...

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Fernand Braudel

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1902–85)

Frenchhistorian, best known as a leading light of the Annales School, and from his elevation to the Collège de France in 1949 until his death one of the most influential...

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futurology

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

The activity of predicting the state of the world at some future time, by extrapolating from present trends. Mainly a pseudo-science, given the complexities of social, political, economic,...

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Louis Althusser

Overview page. Subjects: Social Sciences — Literary Theory and Cultural Studies.

(1918–1990)

French Marxist philosopher, whose writings were widely influential in continental philosophy until he was declared insane.

Born near Algiers, Althusser studied...

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mirror stage

Overview page. Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies — Social Sciences.

The stage of childhood development in which the ego is formed according to Jacques Lacan's psychoanalysis. His theory is based on the so-called ‘mirror test’ conducted by his friend, the...

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