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Abd al-Qadir

Overview page. Subjects: Islam — African Studies.

(d. 1883)

Algerian independence leader, Sufi mystic, and poet. Born in Algeria to a notable Moroccan family. Became involved in the Algerian independence movement after the French...

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act of God

Overview page. Subjects: Business and Management — Biblical Studies.

A natural event that is not caused by any human action and cannot be predicted. It is untrue (as is sometimes thought) that insurance policies covering homes and businesses exclude acts of...

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African religion

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — African Studies.

No single religion corresponds to the term ‘African religion’, nor could it. The geography of Africa ranges from rain forests to uninhabitable deserts; its peoples are organized in many...

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Armageddon

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Warfare and Defence.

(in the New Testament) the last battle between good and evil before the Day of Judgement; the place where this will be fought. In extended usage, Armageddon means a dramatic and...

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Benedict the African

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — African Studies.

(1526–89),

Franciscan lay brother. He was born near Messina (Sicily) of black parents from Africa of servile status. At the age of eighteen he was freed, and earned his living as...

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Bwiti

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — African Studies.

A range of syncretist movements among the Fang and other tribes in Gabon and neighbouring territories. It began in the late 19th cent. as a creative synthesis of elements from traditional...

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cargo cults

Overview page. Subjects: Religion — Social Sciences.

In the Melanesian Islands, a system of belief based around the expected arrival of ancestral spirits in ships bringing cargoes of food and other goods.

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chiliasm

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Religion.

(Gk., chilioi, ‘a thousand’).

Another name for millennialism, the theory that Christ will reign for a thousand years before the final consummation of all things.

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civil religion

Overview page. Subjects: Sociology — Religion.

In the 1960s a number of sociologists (including Talcott Parsons, Edward Shils, and Robert Bellah) distinguished civil religion from institutional (church-based) religion, arguing that...

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clash of Civilizations

Overview page. Subjects: Politics — Islam.

A concept first used by Samuel Huntington (1927–2008) in a 1993 Foreign Affairs article. He argued that, in the context of the end of the Cold War, conflict in international relations...

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