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Abitur

Overview page. Subjects: Literature — Education.

The German examination equivalent to the General Certificate of Education Advanced Level. It is often held up by educators in the United Kingdom as a model to be emulated as it offers the...

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British Association for the Advancement of Science

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Education.

This peripatetic body, founded in 1831, has been important in promoting public awareness of science. The Royal Society was London‐based and like a gentleman's club; the Royal Institution...

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campus

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Education.

The grounds and buildings of a school, university, or college. The expressions ‘on‐campus’ and ‘off‐campus’ are used to indicate whether a location or event is situated on university...

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dean

Overview page. Subjects: Education — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A title which has two distinct meanings in higher education. It may be used to confer status on a head of department or faculty, in which case the full title will indicate this, as in ‘dean...

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Erik Erikson

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Education.

(1902–94)

A developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on the social development of human beings. Through his association with Anna Freud, and his study for...

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examination

Overview page. Subjects: Education — British History.

A means of formal summative assessment, usually involving time‐constrained tasks, which assesses the knowledge, skills, or understanding of the candidate. Conduct of candidates and the...

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grammar school

Overview page. Subjects: Education — British History.

Originally, a school which focused on an education in the classics, and specifically upon the grammar of Latin and Greek. Following the Education Act 1944 (Butler Act), local authorities...

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high school

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Education.

At one time used as a title by some grammar schools (as in ‘girls' high school’), non‐selective schools, and independent schools, it is still used in Scotland in the term junior high...

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HMI

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Education.

(Her Majesty's Inspectors).

The first two inspectors, Seymour Tremenheere and the Revd John Allen, were appointed in 1839 to supervise the proper spending of £30,000 for the...

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Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

Overview page. Subjects: Education — Literature.

(1746–1827)

The founder of what became known as the ‘Pestalozzi Method’ for the education of young children, Zurich‐born Pestalozzi believed that children should learn through...

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