in Oxford Art Online
P ublished online September 2010 .
Reference Entry. Subjects: Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art; Archaeology; Liturgical and Ritual Objects; Metalwork; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; History of Art; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Greek and Roman Art; Christian Art; Islamic Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1102 words.
In its most general sense, spolia (pl., from Lat. spolium: ‘plunder’) denotes all artifacts re-employed in secondary contexts, from building blocks reused in a wall to pagan gems...