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Architecture x Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400) x Art Techniques and Principles x clear all

Aedicula

Margaret Lyttleton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art; Greek and Roman Art. 426 words.

Columnar niche or shrine applied decoratively to a larger building. The word is a diminutive from the Latin word aedes (‘temple’). Summerson traced its application to Gothic architecture...

Billet

Freda Anderson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art. 346 words.

Ornamental device used extensively in the Romanesque period, particularly in the 12th century. It is formed of small blocks, either flat and square or cylindrical, spaced out in...

Byzantine blossom

Jeffrey West.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400). 357 words.

[Ger. Byzantinische Blüthenblatt]

Term used to describe a wide range of ‘floral’ motifs prominent in Western art from the 11th century to the end of the 12th. The German term...

Chevron

John Thomas.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Performance Art and Dance; Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art. 508 words.

Form of three-dimensional zigzag ornament particularly associated with Anglo-Norman Romanesque architecture, where it was used to decorate arches, doorways and windows. An equivalent term...

Clerk of Works

Phillip Lindley.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400). 986 words.

Manager of the royal building works in later medieval England (see also Office of Works). In the 12th century royal building operations were usually initiated by a writ from the king to...

Column statue

Kathryn Morrison.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400). 671 words.

[column figure]

Form of sculpture in which a column and a figure are carved from a single block of stone. It is distinct from the Classical Caryatid, which structurally replaces...

Crocket

John Thomas.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art; 19th-Century Art; Christian Art. 556 words.

[Fr. croc, crochet: ‘hook’]

Decorative device used in Gothic art and architecture, attached to a capital or a gable, an arch, piece of tracery or coping. The term was used in...

Crypt

Stephen Heywood.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Christian Art. 2836 words.

Subsidiary vaulted room normally below the main floor level but not necessarily wholly subterranean. The term is normally used of church architecture. Crypts are found throughout western...

Cusp

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Early Medieval, Romanesque and Gothic Art; Christian Art. 11 words.

Encaustic tile

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Techniques and Principles; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400). 96 words.

[encaustic brick.]

A complex form of terracotta, where different coloured clays are fired together. This usually involves creating a design by inlaying a light coloured clay...