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Arginusae

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

Small islands between Lesbos and the mainland, scene of a battle between the Athenian and Spartan fleets in 406 bc. Sparta's 120 triremes were probably in a single line abeam, Athens' 150...

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battle of Magnesia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

The decisive battle of the war between Rome and the Seleucid Antiochus III was fought near Magnesia by Mt. Sipylus in Lydia, in 189 bc. The nominal Roman commander was Cornelius Scipio...

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battle of Nemea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

(394 bc).

Perhaps the greatest of hoplite battles, the battle was fought east of the river Nemea in the NE Peloponnese (see Nemea), between 6,000 Spartan hoplites, with perhaps...

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battle of Plataea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

A battle in 479 bc, during the Persian Wars, in which the Persian forces were defeated by the Greeks near the city of Plataea in Boeotia.

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battle of Raphia

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

Takes its name from a town in southern Palestine where Ptolemy (1) IV defeated Antiochus (3) III (23 June 217 bc). Ptolemy had 5000 cavalry and 73 African elephants, but ...

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battles of Mantinea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

The three battles of Mantinea (in eastern Arcadia), fought in 418, 362, and 207 bc, exemplify the main stages of Greek warfare. The first, fought between the Spartans and a coalition mainly...

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Brasidas

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

(d. 422 bc),

Spartan commander. Following distinguished action as a trierarch at Pylos in 425, he was sent to northern Greece in 424 with a small force of helots and mercenaries....

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Gallic Wars

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

Julius Caesar's campaigns 58–51 bc, which established Roman control over Gaul north of the Alps and west of the River Rhine (Transalpine Gaul). During this period Caesar twice invaded...

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Grānīcus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.

River in NW Asia Minor, scene of Alexander 2 the Great's first victory over the Persians (334 bc). Alexander began the battle on the right, launching an attack on the Persian cavalry lining...

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hoplites

Overview page. Subjects: Military History — Classical Studies.

[Ge]

In Greek military orders, an infantry soldier whose armour included helmet, breastplate, shield, and greaves, with sword and spear as standard equipment.

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