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Ammonius Saccas

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl.200–50)

Alexandrian Platonist, and teacher of Plotinus and Origen (not to be confused with an earlier Ammonius, who taught Plutarch). Little is known of Ammonius, who seems to...

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Anaxarchus

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Classical Studies.

(4th c. bc)

A follower of Democritus and teacher of Pyrrho. He accompanied Alexander the Great on his travels to the east, and was greatly esteemed by him. It is he whom Pyrrho is...

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Anaximenes of Miletus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl. c.546 bc)

The junior member of the Miletian school, and probably a pupil of Anaximander. His astronomy was relatively unsophisticated, but he is remembered for the doctrine...

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Anniceris

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(fl. c.320–280 bc)

Minor Cyrenaic philosopher, who developed a sophisticated hedonism, with a stress on the pleasures of virtuous living that in some respects anticipates Epicurus.

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Antiochus of Ascalon

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(c.130–68 bc)

Eclectic Hellenistic philosopher. Antiochus maintained the essential agreement of the opposed schools of philosophy of his time. His decisive break with Philo of...

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Antisthenes

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

(c.445–c.360 bc)

A devoted follower of Socrates, but also considered (e.g. by Diogenes Laertius) to be an important influence on the first famous Cynic, Diogenes of Sinope. He...

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Aristippus

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Classical Studies.

(5th century bc).

An associate of Socrates, celebrated as a defender and exemplar of a life of sensual pleasure. His advocacy of pleasure was taken up by the Cyrenaic school ...

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Ariston

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

Of Chios, Stoic, pupil of Zeno (2), developed Zeno's ideas in a way later regarded as unorthodox after Chrysippus' writings had established a Stoic orthodoxy. He enjoyed a wide but ...

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Arius Didymus

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Classical Studies.

(1st c. bc)

Known mainly as a source for Stoic and Aristotelian ethics in the Hellenistic period, and also for earlier physics. He was the teacher of the Roman emperor Augustus,...

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atomism

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Philosophy.

A philosophical doctrine at least as old as Democritus, and plausibly viewed as an attempt to combine an a priori conviction of the unchangeable and immutable nature of the world with the...

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