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Aaron

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1319 words.

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

Abraham

Craig A. Evans.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1826 words.

is the name of the progenitor of the Hebrew people. At first he is called Abram (Gn. 11.26–27,

Absalom, House of

Bilha Nitzan and Jonathan Chipman.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 827 words.

The only reference to the phrase house of Absalom in the Dead Sea Scrolls appears in Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab v.9),

Acts of a Greek King

Magen Broshi.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 309 words.

The scroll fragment Acts of a Greek King (4Q248), previously also Pseudohistory, is now called Historical Text. It is approximately

Acts of the Apostles

Gregory E. Sterling.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2138 words.

is the second volume of a two-volume work, Luke-Acts, which relates the story of the early church in ways

Adam

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1610 words.

In the literature and religion of the Hebrew scriptures, Adam plays almost no role. The story of his transgression and

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Daniel R. Schwartz.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1106 words.

first-century bce Roman aristocrat; Pompey's quaestor during the annexation of Syria and conquest of Judea, also Pompey's brother-in-law and husband

Aeneid

Eugene Ulrich.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 700 words.

A fragment with a line from the Aeneid, the sonorous Roman epic and “principal secular book of the Western

Ages of Creation

Devorah Dimant.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2049 words.

The title Ages of Creation was given by the first editor, John M. Allegro, to several Hebrew fragments. [

Agriculture

Menashe Har-El.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 3095 words.

The landscape of the Judean Desert consists of four mountainous escarpments descending to the east. The uppermost and lowest escarpments