in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History
P ublished online March 2017 .
Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Labour History. 9045 words.
From the time that Columbus arrived in the Caribbean until Spain surrendered power over its mainland American colonies in the early 19th century, Spanish and Portuguese colonial mines...
Go to » abstract