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Cybele

Francis Redding Walton and John Scheid.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Middle Eastern History; Religion in the Ancient World. 1032 words.

Cybele (Κυβέλη; Lydian form Κυβήβη, Hdt. 5. 102), the great mother-goddess of Anatolia, associated in myth, and later at least in cult, with her youthful lover *Attis. *Pessinus in Phrygia...

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Egyptian deities

Richard Gordon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World; Middle Eastern History. 584 words.

The Graeco-Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Despite Herodotus 2. 50. 1 (comm. A. B. Lloyd, 1975–88), many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the...

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eunuchs, religious

Richard Gordon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: History of Gender and Sexuality; Religion in the Ancient World; Middle Eastern History. 361 words.

In the Classical period, religious eunuchs are a feature of several Anatolian cults of female deities, extending across to Scythia (Hdt. 4. 67: not shamans) and to the southern foothills of the...

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Isis

Richard Gordon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Middle Eastern History; Religion in the Ancient World. 928 words.

Isis (Egyptian s or st, Gk. ῏Ισις, Εἶσις), ‘mistress of the house of life’, whose creative and nurturing functions made her the most popular divinity of the Late period in the Egyptian *Fayûm and...

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Mithras

Roger Beck.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Middle Eastern History; Religion in the Ancient World. 1408 words.

An ancient Indo-Iranian god adopted in the Roman empire as the principal deity of a mystery cult which flourished in the 2nd and 3rd cents. ce. Iranian Mithra was a god of compact (the...

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