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Aesthetics

Cheng Jiang and Zong-Qi Cai.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 5961 words.

Chinese aesthetics is largely a grand reconstructive project. The term “Chinese aesthetics,” usually translated as “study of beauty” 美學, did not exist in pre-20th-century Chinese text. The...

Ancestor Worship

Ori Tavor.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 9847 words.

Ancestor worship refers to rituals designed to commemorate and venerate the spirits of one’s deceased forebears. While it is often associated with the Confucian notion of filial piety,...

Ancient Chinese Religion

Mu-chou Poo.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6905 words.

Religion is a form of activity and mental attitude that helps humans deal with real or imagined extrahuman forces that influence human life. In ancient China from the Neolithic to the...

Anti-Japanese War

Caroline Rose.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6173 words.

The Anti-Japanese War 抗日战争 (kangRi zhanzheng), or the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japan 中国人民抗日战争 (Zhongguo renmin kangRi zhanzheng), dates from July 1937 to 1945 (or in some...

Assertive Nationalism and China's Core Interests

Wenting (Florence) Yang and Suisheng Suisheng (Sam) Zhao.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8635 words.

After 2008, many scholars noticed that Beijing became more willing to respond to popular nationalist calls in pursuing the so-called core national interest and to adopting tougher measures...

Buddhist Monasticism

Ann Heirman.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 9114 words.

In symbiosis with the laity, Buddhist monasticism has played a major role in the development of Buddhism in China. Starting shortly after the beginning of the Common Era, in the Later Han...

Calligraphy

Amy McNair.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 17805 words.

Calligraphy is the art of writing characters with a brush and ink. Yet, the word “calligraphy,” from the Greek kalligraphía (beautiful writing), is something of a mistranslation of the...

Central-Local Relations

Yongnian Zheng and Cuifen Weng.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8180 words.

According to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the local administration is divided into three tiers: province, county, and township. In reality, however, it is a...

Ceramics

Ellen Huang.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8582 words.

Since the mid-19th century the scholarship on Chinese ceramics in Western languages and in the Chinese language has proceeded in two main directions: (1) technical studies based on the use...

Chiang Kai-shek

Jeremy Taylor.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8223 words.

Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi 蔣介石)—also referred to as Chiang Chung-cheng (Jiang Zhongzheng 蔣中正)—is one of the most controversial figures in modern Chinese history. He is also one of the...