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Aesthetics

Cheng Jiang and Zong-Qi Cai.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 5961 words.

Chinese aesthetics is largely a grand reconstructive project. The term “Chinese aesthetics,” usually translated as “study of beauty” 美學, did not exist in pre-20th-century Chinese text. The...

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar

Khizar Humayun Ansari.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Islam; Religious Studies. 1351 words.

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar, was born on 4 April 1872 in Surat, Gujarat, India. His father, Yusuf Ali Allahbuksh,...

Ancestor Worship

Ori Tavor.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 9847 words.

Ancestor worship refers to rituals designed to commemorate and venerate the spirits of one’s deceased forebears. While it is often associated with the Confucian notion of filial piety,...

Ancient Chinese Religion

Mu-chou Poo.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6905 words.

Religion is a form of activity and mental attitude that helps humans deal with real or imagined extrahuman forces that influence human life. In ancient China from the Neolithic to the...

Anti-Japanese War

Caroline Rose.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6173 words.

The Anti-Japanese War 抗日战争 (kangRi zhanzheng), or the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japan 中国人民抗日战争 (Zhongguo renmin kangRi zhanzheng), dates from July 1937 to 1945 (or in some...

Ashmun, Jehudi

Salim Yaqub.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Religion and Education. 1133 words.

Ashmun, Jehudi (21 April 1794–25 August 1828), colonial agent and missionary in West Africa, was born in Champlain, New York, the son of Samuel Ashmun, a justice of the peace, and Parthenia...

Assertive Nationalism and China's Core Interests

Wenting (Florence) Yang and Suisheng Suisheng (Sam) Zhao.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 8635 words.

After 2008, many scholars noticed that Beijing became more willing to respond to popular nationalist calls in pursuing the so-called core national interest and to adopting tougher measures...

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator

D. W. Hayton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; UK Politics; British History; Political History. 6392 words.

Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury...

Auchmuty, Samuel

David E. Maas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1311 words.

Auchmuty, Samuel (16 January 1722–04 March 1777), Episcopal minister and Loyalist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Scottish-born Robert Auchmuty, a judge of admiralty in...

Bailey, Jacob

Sally Schwartz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Religion and Education; Protestantism and Protestant Churches. 1177 words.

Bailey, Jacob (1731–26 July 1808), Anglican missionary and Loyalist, was born in Rowley, Massachusetts, the son of David Bailey and Mary Hodgkins, farmers. The details of Bailey’s early...