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Argument Realization in Syntax

Malka Rappaport Hovav.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Semantics. 13490 words.

Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive...

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Bare Nominals

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart and Joost Zwarts.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Theories; Semantics. 9115 words.

Bare nominals (also called “bare nouns”) are nominal structures without an overt article or other determiner. The distinction between a bare noun and a noun that is part of a larger nominal...

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Blocking

Franz Rainer.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Language Acquisition. 8771 words.

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is...

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Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology

Heather Newell.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology; Semantics. 11414 words.

Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths...

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Case

Andrej L. Malchukov.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 10862 words.

Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this...

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Case and alignment

Ian Roberts.

in Parameter Hierarchies and Universal Grammar

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Theories. 47035 words.

Case parameters determine, directly or indirectly, many aspects of grammatical-function realization, change, and alignment. The classic example of a grammatical-function-changing operation...

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Case Interactions in Syntax

Jessica Coon and Clint Parker.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11217 words.

The phenomenon of case has been studied widely at both the descriptive and theoretical levels. Typological work on morphological case systems has provided a picture of the variability of...

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Clitics and Clitic Clusters in Morphology

Eulalia Bonet.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online August 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 7811 words.

Clitics can be defined as prosodically defective function words. They can belong to a number of syntactic categories, such as articles, pronouns, prepositions, complementizers, negative...

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Computational Phonology

Jane Chandlee and Jeffrey Heinz.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Computational Linguistics; Linguistic Theories; Phonetics and Phonology; Language Acquisition; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 15296 words.

Computational phonology studies the nature of the computations necessary and sufficient for characterizing phonological knowledge. As a field it is informed by the theories of computation...

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Conclusion

Ian Roberts.

in Parameter Hierarchies and Universal Grammar

June 2019; p ublished online August 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Theories. 4881 words.

This chapter concludes the book and considers the implications and outlook for future research. The eleven hierarchies presented in the earlier chapters are presented together, and their...

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