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Allen, Henry “Red”

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1039 words.

Allen, Henry “Red” (07 January 1908–17 April 1967), trumpeter, was born Henry James Allen, Jr., in Algiers, Louisiana, the son of Henry James Allen, Sr., a trumpeter and leader of a brass...

Anderson, Cat

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 808 words.

Anderson, Cat (12 September 1916–29 April 1981), jazz trumpeter, was born William Alonzo Anderson, Jr., in Greenville, South Carolina. Nothing is known of his parents, who died when he was...

Archey, Jimmy

Jack Sohmer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1382 words.

Archey, Jimmy (12 October 1902–16 November 1967), jazz trombonist, was born James H. Archey in Norfolk, Virginia. Nothing is known of his parents. He started playing the trombone in 1912...

Armstrong, Louis

Frank Tirro.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Voice. 2661 words.

Armstrong, Louis (04 August 1901–06 July 1971), jazz trumpeter and singer, , known universally as “Satchmo” and later as “Pops,” was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the illegitimate son of...

Austin, Johnny

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1133 words.

Austin, Johnny (23 December 1910–14 February 1983), musician, was born John A. Augustine in Vineland, New Jersey, the son of Samuel Augustine and Henrietta Labriola, occupations unknown....

Baker, Chet

Don Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1363 words.

Baker, Chet (23 December 1929–13 May 1988), jazz trumpet player and singer, was born Chesney Henry Baker in Yale, Oklahoma, the son of Vera Moser and Chestney Baker, a laborer and...

Beiderbecke, Bix

Steven M. Kane.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1164 words.

Beiderbecke, Bix (10 March 1903–06 August 1931), musician, was born Leon Bix Beiderbecke in Davenport, Iowa, the son of Bismarck Herman Beiderbecke, a coal and lumber dealer, and Agatha...

Berigan, Bunny

Eddie S. Meadows.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 859 words.

Berigan, Bunny (02 November 1908–02 June 1942), jazz trumpeter, was born Roland Bernard Berigan in Hilbert, Wisconsin, the son of William P. “Cap” Berigan, a railroad agent and then a candy...

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron

Barry Kernfeld.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz. 1041 words.

Bernhardt, Clyde Edric Barron (11 July 1905–20 May 1986), jazz trombonist and singer, was born Clyde Edric Barnhardt in Gold Hill, North Carolina, the son of Washington Michael Barnhardt, a...

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician

Howard Rye.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Brass; Blues; Jazz; Strings. 974 words.

Blake, Cyril McDonald [called Midnight Blake] (1897–1951), jazz musician, was born on 22 October 1897 in Trinidad, the son of Samuel Blake, cabinet-maker. He served in the merchant navy in...