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Music Theory and Analysis x Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800) x clear all

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Antiphonia

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 14 words.

Ēchēma

Dimitri Conomos.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 228 words.

[apēchēma, enēchēma, epēchēma]

A melodic intonation formula in Byzantine chant, sung to nonsense words. It is intoned by the domestikos (precentor) in order to introduce the ēch...

Ēchos

Miloš Velimirović.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 1792 words.

(Gk.: ‘sound’)

A technical term in Byzantine chant, usually translated ‘mode’ or ‘modality’.

There is considerable difference between the Eastern and Western European...

Inflection

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 1384 words.

[inflexion]

A deviation from a pitch or pitches regarded in some way as standard.

(1) In Gregorian and other chant, the term ‘inflection’ is generally reserved for...

Limma

André Barbera.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 360 words.

[leimma] (Gk.: ‘remainder’)

In ancient Greek music theory the interval that remains when two whole-tone intervals are subtracted from a perfect 4th. The whole tone is the...

Melisma

Richard L. Crocker.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 2982 words.

(Gk.: ‘song’)

A group of more than five or six notes sung to a single syllable. The term may be applied universally, but has been most used in reference to medieval European...

Neuma

David Hiley.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 1120 words.

[neupma, pneuma] (Lat.)

A term used in the Middle Ages with several distinct, but related meanings, fundamentally connected with the notion of a musical phrase. Two...

Oktōēchos

Peter Jeffery.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Music and Religion; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 3721 words.

(Gk.: ‘eightfold sound’)

The system of the eight ‘church modes’ (the ‘musical’ oktōēchos) in the medieval Latin, Byzantine, Slavonic, Syrian, Armenian and Georgian repertories...

Paraphonia

Richard Sherr.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 501 words.

(Lat., from Gk.: ‘sounding beside’). A term used in the writings of a number of Greek theorists (notably Thrasyllus, Pseudo-Longinus and Bryennius) to designate the intervals of the...

Pyrrhic

Thomas J. Mathiesen.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Pre- and Early Medieval Music (Before 800). 298 words.

(from Gk. purrichios, purrichē)

One of several ancient Greek rhythmic patterns, by extension also applied to a war dance. In metric theory (e.g. Hephaestion, Handbook, 3; Aristides...