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Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art x 20th-Century Art x clear all

Abstract art

Anna Moszynska.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Art Techniques and Principles; 20th-Century Art. 10078 words.

Term applied in its strictest sense to forms of 20th-century Western art that reject representation and have no starting- or finishing-point in nature. As distinct from processes of...

Abstract Expressionism

David Anfam.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 5200 words.

Term applied to a movement in American painting that flourished in the 1940s and 1950s, sometimes referred to as the New York School or, very narrowly, as Action painting, although it...

Abstraction

Nelson Goodman.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 896 words.

Term used in an art context in several ways: in general for processes of imagemaking in which only some of the visual elements usually ascribed to ‘the natural world’ are extracted (i.e....

Abstraction-Création

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Sculpture and Carving; 20th-Century Art. 774 words.

International group of painters and sculptors, founded in Paris in February 1931 and active until 1936. It succeeded another short-lived group, Cercle et Carré, which had been formed in...

Arnheim, Rudolf

Anneke E. Wijnbeek.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 406 words.

(b Berlin, July 15, 1904; d Ann Arbor, MI, June 9, 2007)

American psychologist and writer of German birth. He studied with Gestalt psychologists at the University of Berlin in...

Art brut

Roger Cardinal.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 1074 words.

[Fr.: ‘raw art’]. Term used from the mid-1940s to designate a type of art outside the fine art tradition. The commonest English-language equivalent for art brut is ‘Outsider art’. In...

Bachelard, Gaston

Roger Cardinal.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; 20th-Century Art. 328 words.

(b Bar-sur-Aube, June 27, 1884; d Paris, Oct 16, 1962).

French philosopher . The son of a provincial shoemaker, he came late to philosophy after teaching natural science...

Barthes, Roland

Stephen Bann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 693 words.

(b Cherbourg, Nov 12, 1915; d Paris, March 20, 1980).

French critic. His work is closely identified with the methods of Structuralism and Semiotics. By the 1970s he was one...

Bauhaus

Rainer K. Wick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Professional Interior Design; Metalwork; Painting; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Textiles and Embroidery; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 4422 words.

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was...

Bell, (Arthur) Clive

Frances Spalding.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 350 words.

(Heward)

(b East Shefford, Berks, Sept 16, 1881; d London, Sept 17, 1964).

English writer. He studied history at Trinity College, Cambridge (1901–2), where he came under...