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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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Augustine and Pelagius on the Epistle to the Romans

Mark Edwards.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible

January 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 6045 words.

Perhaps no scriptural passage has divided the church so bitterly, or so often, as the ninth article of the Epistle to the Romans. Predestinarian readings take two forms, one of which...

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The Construction of Gender in the New Testament

Colleen M. Conway.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World. 8501 words.

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the theorists who have shaped gender analytical work on the New Testament, especially the application of gender theory in classical studies. It...

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Early Christian Apocryphal Literature

Stephen J. Shoemaker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 13041 words.

The apocryphal literature of early Christianity consists primarily of narrative traditions about the life and teaching of Jesus, his family, and his apostles, as well as letters,...

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The Growth of the Apocrypha

Alison Salvesen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World. 13484 words.

Both apocryphal and pseudepigraphical works are increasingly studied at an academic level for what they reveal of the religious preoccupations of their writers and the communities that...

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The Growth of the New Testament

John M. Court.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 12170 words.

This article surveys the growth of the New Testament. The story of the movement in the first centuries towards the canon of the New Testament has three particularly significant historical...

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The Life and Teaching of Jesus and the Rise of Christianity

Craig A. Evans.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 7743 words.

This article reviews studies on the life and teaching of Jesus and the rise of Christianity. The beginning of critical research into the life of Jesus is traditionally traced to the...

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The Man and the Myth

Calvin J. Roetzel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Pauline Studies

P ublished online January 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 9860 words.

This essay compares Paul’s human profile with that of the mythic apostle portrayed in both canonical and non-canonical sources. It highlights Paul’s formative years in Tarsus, his urban,...

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Manichaeism

Samuel N. C. Lieu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 7806 words.

Of all the heresies that threatened the unity of the early church, the followers of Mani occupied an exceptional position, as they were devotees not of Jesus but first and foremost of a...

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Martyr Passions and Hagiography

Susan Ashbrook Harvey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies

September 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 10613 words.

A large body of literature survives from the early Christian period, devoted first to accounts of martyrdom suffered on behalf of the emerging religion and then to lives of exemplary...

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