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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept

Mark Silk.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Islam; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 8440 words.

The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians...

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Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism

James D. Tabor.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies. 7627 words.

This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time;...

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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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Apocalyptic

Philip Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity; Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Studies. 5654 words.

In the Old Testament, apocalyptic literature (or simply ‘apocalyptic’, as the genre is often called) might not seem to occupy a prominent place. Only the book of Daniel falls into this...

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Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church

Richard Swinburne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 9779 words.

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has...

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Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World

Alan Millard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 9942 words.

This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to...

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The Bible in Ethics

Eryl W. Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 10787 words.

This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics...

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Bible Reading and/after Theory

Valentine Cunningham.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible

January 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 11502 words.

The nature of modern Bible study changed in or about September 1969 when the French Catholic Association for the Study of the Bible got the already renommé structuralist Roland Barthes to...

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Canon

Lee Martin McDonald.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 16306 words.

This article examines the notion of canon in antiquity and its application to the writings that eventually received canonical recognition in the Jewish and Christian communities of faith....

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Catholics

Kevin P. Spicer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies

November 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies. 7213 words.

Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an...

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