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A

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 84 words.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (

Aaron

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1319 words.

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

Aaron

Aelred Cody.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 442 words.

A major figure in Israel's origins and the first of its high priests. In very ancient narratives, he appears

Aaron

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 257 words.

Brother of Moses and Miriam, of the tribe of Levi. Over the centuries Aaron's status in Israel's memory was

Abaddon

Steven Friesen.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 114 words.

Meaning literally, “place of destruction,” Abaddon refers to the realm of the dead in the Hebrew Bible. Occurring mainly in

Abaddon

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 41 words.

In Hebrew = destruction, and in Job 26: 6 and Prov. 27: 20 denotes the abode of the dead, also

Abba

William A. Beardslee.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 308 words.

The word for “my father” or “the father.” This Aramaic word appears three times in the New Testament, followed by

Abba

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 140 words.

An Aramaic word for ‘father’. Jesus used it in prayer in Gethsemane (Mark 14: 36), and it is

῾Abbasid Caliphate

Alastair Northedge.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 2828 words.

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abednego

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 35 words.

In Hebrew = servant of Nego, a corrupted form of ‘Nebo’; it was the name given by Nebuchadnezzar to Azariah