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à la mode

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

Bœuf à la mode is beef braised in the classic way; also (in USA) fruit or other sweet pie served with ice cream.

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absinthe

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

A green aniseed-flavoured liqueur, originally flavoured with wormwood, although this is now banned owing to its toxicity; in the 19th and early 20th centuries drinking absinthe was regarded...

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academic freedom

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — History of the Americas.

The right of scholars to study and report on any problem that their curiosity and conscience dictate, without fear of retribution. This right may be infringed when studies are paid for by...

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adulteration

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

The addition of substances to foods etc. in order to increase the bulk and reduce the cost, with intent to defraud the purchaser. Common adulterants are starch in spices, water in milk and...

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advocaat

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

Advocaat, a thick, sweet, creamy, yellow, alcoholic drink of Dutch origin, is made from egg yolks and brandy. It does not seem to have become well known in Britain until the 1930s. Its name...

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ageing

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — History.

In biology, the process of growing older. Organs and tissues age, apparently because the clones of cells that constitute them have finite life spans. In demography and vital statistics,...

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Agency for International Development

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Abbreviated as AID, or preferably USAID. The US government agency that administers and disburses foreign aid in the form of material, professional and technical support, primarily aimed at...

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agroecology

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — United States History.

The application of ecological principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems, with low external input and considerable reliance on available farm...

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aiguillette

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Medicine and Health.

A thin strip or slice of cooked poultry, meat, or fish.

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alcoholism

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Arts and Humanities.

n. the syndrome due to physical dependence on alcohol, such that sudden deprivation may cause withdrawal symptoms – tremor, anxiety, hallucinations, and delusions (see delirium...

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