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cast

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Art.

To reproduce an object, such as a piece of sculpture, by means of a mould (usually of plaster) taken from it. A cast is also the copy so produced.

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copal

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Art.

Resin from various tropical trees which, during the 19th century, was cooked with oil to produce a picture varnish. Copal varnishes have been blamed for much of the cracking and darkening...

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flux

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Dentistry.

N.

Any substance that lowers the melting or softening temperature of the mix or compound in which it is present. In dentistry it is included in ceramic materials and used when...

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gouge

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Art.

n. a curved chisel used in orthopaedic operations to cut and remove bone.

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mastic

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Medicine and Health.

Resin from the evergreen shrub Pistacia lenticus and related species, with a flavour similar to liquorice, used in Greek and Balkan cookery.

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plaster of Paris

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Medicine and Health.

A preparation of gypsum (calcium sulphate) that sets hard when water is added. It is used in various modified forms in dentistry to make plaster models. It is also used in orthopaedics for...

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Polypropylene

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Industrial and Commercial Art.

(invented 1954)

Invented by Professor Giulio Natta in Milan, polypropylene was first produced by Montecatini using the trade name Moplen. It is a very strong and versatile material...

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safelight

Overview page. Subjects: Photography and Photographs — Dentistry.

A special lamp emitting low-intensity red-orange light of long wavelength used in the darkroom to provide working visibility without affecting (fogging) the photosensitive emulsion of the...

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skillet

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Medicine and Health.

In modern American usage, a frying pan, but historically a metal cooking pan with three or four feet and a long handle, used for boiling liquids and stewing meat. A ...

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stirrup cup

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Silver cup without handle or foot, designed to be filled with wine or similar drink and handed to a man when already on horseback about to set out for a ...

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