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academic freedom

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — History of the Americas.

The right of scholars to study and report on any problem that their curiosity and conscience dictate, without fear of retribution. This right may be infringed when studies are paid for by...

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Agency for International Development

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Abbreviated as AID, or preferably USAID. The US government agency that administers and disburses foreign aid in the form of material, professional and technical support, primarily aimed at...

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agroecology

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — United States History.

The application of ecological principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems, with low external input and considerable reliance on available farm...

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American Association of Retired Persons

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AARP)

A large national organization in the United States that advocates on behalf of Americans in the older age groups, roughly 55 years and older. There are equivalent...

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American Medical Association

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

(AMA)

The principal professional organization for licensed physicians in the United States. It is an academic society concerned with professional standards of competence and...

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drug abuse

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Medicine and Health.

Another name for substance abuse. Preferred usage drug misuse. See also addiction, dependence (2), substance dependence, substance-induced disorders, substance-related disorders, substance...

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ethnic group

Overview page. Subjects: Australasian and Pacific History — Medicine and Health.

A community or group of people with distinctive social, cultural, and behavioral characteristics that distinguish them from others in the same or different country or society. Members of an...

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gangs

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — United States History.

Social groups, usually of adolescents and young adults, often single-sex groups, that may form, dissolve, and form again with changed membership. They provide mutual emotional and social...

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heart Disease

Overview page. Subjects: United States History — Public Health and Epidemiology.

A general term that covers atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hypertension, rheumatic heart disease, and congenital heart disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death...

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hunger strike

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — European History.

A form of nonviolent protest against conditions, used for instance by political prisoners who refuse to eat in order to publicize the cause they believe in, using what they may perceive to...

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