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Abnormal endothelial vasomotor and secretory function

Thimoteus Speer and Danilo Fliser.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 4646 words.

The endothelium plays a crucial role in the maintenance of vascular integrity and function. Nitric oxide produced by endothelial cells is a key player, inducing relaxation of vascular...

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Acidosis in chronic kidney disease

Muhammad M. Yaqoob.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 2869 words.

Metabolic acidosis becomes increasingly common as chronic kidney disease progresses. It is associated with a number of complications, including bone disease, altered protein synthesis and...

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Acute kidney injury

Greta L. Piper and Lewis J. Kaplan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Nephrology. 5426 words.

AKI is increasingly common and continues to be associated with significantmorbidity and mortality. Although the understanding of certain etiologies andmechanisms has improved, the general...

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Acute kidney injury and hantavirus disease

Jan Clement.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 8431 words.

Hantavirus disease or at least its renal form, the so-called haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is the only globally emerging acute kidney injury (AKI) form, and currently without doubt...

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Acute kidney injury and hantavirus disease

Jan Clement.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 9921 words.

Hantavirus disease or at least its renal form, the so-called haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome is the only globally emerging acute kidney injury (AKI) form, and currently without doubt...

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Acute kidney injury in children

Alexander Fichtner and Franz Schaefer.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 12819 words.

In the past few decades, the overall incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in paediatric patients has increased and the aetiological spectrum has shifted from infection-related and...

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Acute kidney injury in heart failure

Dinna N. Cruz, Anna Giuliani and Claudio Ronco.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6068 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurring during heart failure (HF) has been labelled cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1. CRS is defined as a group of ‘disorders of the heart and kidneys whereby...

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Acute kidney injury in patients with severe burn injury

Nele Brusselaers and Eric A. J. Hoste.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6269 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in approximately one-quarter of all patients with severe burn injury (as defined by the RIFLE consensus classification), and approximately 3% of paediatric...

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Acute kidney injury in patients with severe burn injury

Nele Brusselaers and Eric A. J. Hoste.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 7889 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in approximately one-quarter of all patients with severe burn injury (as defined by the RIFLE consensus classification), and approximately 3% of paediatric...

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Acute kidney injury in polytrauma and rhabdomyolysis

Mehmet Şükrü Sever and Raymond Vanholder.

in Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology

October 2015; p ublished online October 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Nephrology; Surgery. 6573 words.

The term ‘polytrauma’ refers to blunt (or crush) trauma that involves multiple body regions or cavities, and compromises physiology to potentially cause dysfunction of uninjured organs....

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