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abdominal muscles

Overview page. Subjects: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Four pairs of muscles (the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, and the transversus abdominis), often referred to as the stomach muscles, which support and protect the...

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abductor pollicis brevis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A small muscle crossing the wrist. It helps to straighten the thumb and move the thumb away from the fingers. It is attached proximally to the trapezium and scaphoid bones (origin), and...

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abductor pollicis longus

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle deep in the forearm. It helps to move the forearm sideways from the trunk. Its other actions include abduction and extension of the thumb. It is attached proximally to the...

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adductor pollicis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle with its origin on the capitate (the largest bone of the wrist), and the second and third metacarapals. Its insertion is on the ulnar proximal phalanx of the thumb. Its primary...

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axilla

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

The space between the upper part of the arm and the side-wall of the chest, commonly called the armpit. The axilla is enclosed by the pectoral muscles in front, and the latissimus dorsi and...

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brachioradialis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A superficial arm muscle that has its origin on the lateral supracondylar ridge of the humerus and its insertion on the styloid process of the radius. The primary action of the...

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extensor carpi ulnaris

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A superficial muscle in the posterior fascial compartment of the forearm that acts as a major wrist extensor and wrist adductor. It has its origin on the lateral condyle of the humerus and...

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extensor pollicis brevis

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A deep muscle in the posterior compartment of the forearm, which bends the thumb by flexing the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints. Its origin is on the dorsal shaft of the...

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extensor pollicis longus

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A muscle with its origin on the middle dorsal surface of the ulna, and its insertion on the dorsal distal phalanx of the thumb. Its primary actions are extension at the metacarpophalangeal...

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flexor carpi ulnaris

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

A two-headed muscle that is the most medial muscle of the forearm. It has its origins on the medial epicondyle of the humerus and the olecranon process of the ulna. It has its insertion on...

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