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Deep Neural Networks in Computational Neuroscience

Tim C. Kietzmann, Patrick McClure and Nikolaus Kriegeskorte.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience; Neuroscientific Techniques; Sensory and Motor Systems. 10861 words.

The goal of computational neuroscience is to find mechanistic explanations of how the nervous system processes information to give rise to cognitive function and behavior. At the heart of...

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The Functional Organization of Vertebrate Retinal Circuits for Vision

Tom Baden, Timm Schubert, Philipp Berens and Thomas Euler.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Neuroscientific Techniques; Sensory and Motor Systems. 17371 words.

Visual processing begins in the retina—a thin, multilayered neuronal tissue lining the back of the vertebrate eye. The retina does not merely read out the constant stream of photons...

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General Principles for Sensory Coding

Tatyana O. Sharpee.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Neuroscientific Techniques; Sensory and Motor Systems. 9599 words.

Sensory systems exist to provide an organism with information about the state of the environment that can be used to guide future actions and decisions. Remarkably, two conceptually simple...

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Physiology of Color Vision in Primates

Robert Shapley.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Neuroscientific Techniques; Sensory and Motor Systems. 15215 words.

Color perception in macaque monkeys and humans depends on the visually evoked activity in three cone photoreceptors and on neuronal post-processing of cone signals. Neuronal post-processing...

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Visual Shape and Object Perception

Anitha Pasupathy, Yasmine El-Shamayleh and Dina V. Popovkina.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Cognition and Behavioural Neuroscience; Neuroscientific Techniques; Sensory and Motor Systems. 10008 words.

Humans and other primates rely on vision. Our visual system endows us with the ability to perceive, recognize, and manipulate objects, to avoid obstacles and dangers, to choose foods...

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