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Abaj Takalik

Elizabeth P. Benson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Latin American and Caribbean Art; Pre-Columbian Art. 755 words.

Pre-Columbian Maya site in Retalhuleu, in the Highland Maya region, near the Pacific coast of Guatemala. It is best known for its monumental stone sculptures, some of which were...

Abaneri

Walter Smith.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; South and Southeast Asian Art. 354 words.

[anc. Abhānagari]

Temple site in north-eastern Rajasthan, India. It contains the fragmentary remains of two major monuments of the 8th century ad. The Chand Baori, a stepped...

Abu Ghurab

Jaromir Malek.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 470 words.

Site of the ancient Egyptian sun temple of King Neuserre (reg c. 2416–c. 2392 bc), on the western bank of the Nile north-west of Abusir, almost opposite the southernmost...

Abu Mina

Peter Grossmann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Christian Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 944 words.

[Abū Mīnā]

Site of a Christian city and pilgrimage centre in the Maryūt Desert, c. 45 km south-west of Alexandria, Egypt. It grew up around the shrine of St Menas, who was...

Abu Rawash

E. P. Uphill.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 490 words.

[now Abū Ruwāsh]

Site of necropolis in Egypt, 9 km north of Giza, which flourished c. 2925–c. 2450 bc. Mud-brick mastaba tombs of 1st Dynasty nobles are the earliest buildings...

Abu Simbel

R. G. Morkot.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1359 words.

Site in Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile in Lower Nubia, 280 km south of Aswan. With the construction of the Aswan Dam in the early 1960s, the temple complex was one of a number of...

Abusir

Miroslav Verner.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 813 words.

[Egyp. Per-Usir; Gr. Busiris]

Ancient Egyptian royal necropolis that flourished during the 5th Dynasty (c. 2465–c. 2325 bc). The site is 25 km south-west of the centre of Cairo...

Abydos

John Baines.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1958 words.

[anc. Egyp. Abdjw]

Egyptian site, c. 50 km south of Sohag, and necropolis of the ancient city of This (perhaps modern Girga), which was briefly the capital of the newly united...

Acemhöyük

Nimet Özgüç.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1362 words.

Site in central Turkey that flourished in the first half of the 2nd millennium bc, in a fertile plain watered by the River Karasu. The oval mound of Acemhöyük, measuring 700×600 m, and...

Acquarossa

Marco Rendeli.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Greek and Roman Art. 423 words.

[It.: ‘red water’]

Modern name of an Etruscan settlement near Viterbo, Italy. It is situated on a small tufa plateau bounded on three sides by streams, one of which runs red....