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A 1980 Attempt at Reviving Ancient Irrigation Practices in the Pacific

Matthew Spriggs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

January 2019; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology by Region. 6509 words.

The author was project leader on an attempt to revive ancient irrigation practices on Aneityum Island (Vanuatu, S. Pacific) in 1980, based on his archaeological and ethnoarchaeological...

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‘A Dirtier Reality?’ Archaeological Methods and the Urban Project

John Schofield.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

October 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Contemporary and Public Archaeology. 6001 words.

Strait Street in Malta’s capital Valletta is an extraordinary street, and one that has fascinating stories to tell about its resident population and visitors over nearly 300 years. For...

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‘A Frame to Hang Clouds on’

William E. Boyd.

in The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology

January 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Contemporary and Public Archaeology. 10611 words.

In the archaeological context, a sense of the evolving landscape becomes especially important where there is considerable time depth or cultural sequencing inherent in a single site. The...

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A. Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

(1827–1900) [Bi]

British soldier, anthropologist, and archaeologist often regarded as the ‘father of scientific archaeology’. He was born on 14 April 1827 at Hope Hall near Bramham...

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“A Most Cantankerous River”: Taming the Missouri

Annalies Corbin and Bradley A. Rodgers.

in The Steamboat Montana and the Opening of the West

August 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 9852 words.

Study of the Missouri River as a maritime highway opens a valuable window onto nineteenth-century views of business and technology. The steamboat Montana's builders and owners exhibited...

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AAA

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 6 words.

[Ab] See Australian Archaeological Association.

AAS

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 6 words.

[Ab] See atomic absorption spectrometry.

abacus

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 37 words.

[Ar]

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom

Abaj Takalik

Elizabeth P. Benson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Latin American and Caribbean Art; Pre-Columbian Art. 755 words.

Pre-Columbian Maya site in Retalhuleu, in the Highland Maya region, near the Pacific coast of Guatemala. It is best known for its monumental stone sculptures, some of which were...

Abandoned Watercraft in History and Archaeology

Nathan Richards.

in Ships' Graveyards

August 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Underwater Archaeology. 8054 words.

This chapter provides a literature review of international examples that concern the study of abandoned vessels spanning many thousands of years. The international case studies presented...

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The Abandonment of Alofi Island (Western Polynesia) before Missionary Times

Christophe Sand.

in Historical Archaeology of Early Modern Colonialism in Asia-Pacific

December 2017; p ublished online May 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology. 9295 words.

Although early contact in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries between Europeans and Pacific Islanders have been well documented from historical data, the possible local impacts on...

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The Abandonment Process and Archaeological Theory

Nathan Richards.

in Ships' Graveyards

August 2008; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Underwater Archaeology. 8092 words.

This chapter outlines the theories about abandonment that are used in this study. It also extends an argument that endorses the benefits of comparative approaches to the remains of...

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Abaneri

Walter Smith.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; South and Southeast Asian Art. 354 words.

[anc. Abhānagari]

Temple site in north-eastern Rajasthan, India. It contains the fragmentary remains of two major monuments of the 8th century ad. The Chand Baori, a stepped...

῾Abbasid Caliphate

Alastair Northedge.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 2828 words.

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abbasids

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 18 words.

[CP]

An Arab dynasty descended from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad, who supplanted the Umayyads in ad 750.

Abbeville

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[Si]

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by Boucher de Perthes and others from ad 1836 onwards and which...

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Abbeville, France

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 64 words.

[Si]

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained

Abbevillian

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology.

[CP]

Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from...

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Abbevillian

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 39 words.

[CP]

Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint

abbey

Timothy Darvill.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology

January 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology. 35 words.

1 [De] A community of monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess.

2 [MC] A general term used