Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 209 items for:

Archaeology by Region x Arts and Humanities x North American Archaeology x clear all

Adapting to a Frozen Coastal Environment

Robert W. Park.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 3867 words.

In the Arctic, people experience some of the most profound seasonal changes anywhere on earth: the temperature and amount of daylight differ tremendously between summer and winter, the...

Go to »  abstract

Agricultural Landscapes

Kurt Anschuetz, Eileen L. Camilli and Christopher D. Banet.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 5876 words.

The discussion in this chapter is based on the premise that agricultural landscapes are the foundations of the economies, social organizations, and cultural identities of farming...

Go to »  abstract

The Aleutian Tradition

Debra Corbett and Michael Yarborough.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 10506 words.

Archaeological research in the last 35 years has greatly increased our understanding of the complexity and dynamism of prehistoric Aleutian cultures. The traditional view of a uniform and...

Go to »  abstract

Ancient DNA and Stable Isotopes

Justin Tackney, Joan Coltrain, Jennifer Raff and Dennis O'Rourke.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 11843 words.

Genetic diversity in modern Arctic communities provides a baseline from which to assess population history. This is augmented by documenting patterns of genetic variation in prehistoric...

Go to »  abstract

Animal use at early colonies on the southeastern coast of the United States

Elizabeth J. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 5127 words.

Data from three early European-sponsored colonies in North America indicate that changes in animal use occurred quickly. Over half of the meat from vertebrate sources in a Spanish...

Go to »  abstract

Animals

Karen Gust Schollmeyer and Katherine A. Spielmann.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology. 7260 words.

Studies of animals in Southwest archaeology have been particularly successful in addressing the social-environmental context of human use of fauna. Two aspects of this topic form the focus...

Go to »  abstract

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants

Kevin Conti and William Walker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; History of Art; Archaeology. 8415 words.

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to...

Go to »  abstract

Anthropogenic Landscapes

Christopher I. Roos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology. 5788 words.

It has been suggested that anthropogenic burning may have altered Southwest landscapes at a large scale. Southwestern biomes vary in their propensity for and their susceptibility to...

Go to »  abstract

Applied Archaeology in the Americas

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

January 2019; p ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology; Archaeology by Region; Archaeological Methodology and Techniques; Historical Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 8121 words.

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of...

Go to »  abstract

The Arawak Diaspora

Michael Heckenberger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 6289 words.

This article discusses the full range of Arawak and closely related groups. It addresses four primary aspects of the diaspora: histories of studies on the Arawak; language groupings and...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeological Evidence for Transport, Trade, and Exchange in the North American Arctic

Jeffrey T. Rasic.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Industrial Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 9487 words.

A wide variety of materials, including lithics, manufactured goods, and food circulated within and between communities in the North American Arctic, including fish and sea-mammal oil, dried...

Go to »  abstract

An Archaeological History of the Mesa Verde Region

Richard H. Wilshusen and Donna Glowacki.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: North American Archaeology. 5982 words.

The Mesa Verde region—extending from southeastern Utah to southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico—is the heartland of the earliest pueblos and an ancestral home for at least three...

Go to »  abstract

The Archaeological Imprint of Oral Traditions on the Landscape of Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherers

Gerald A. Oetelaar.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 4110 words.

On the Northern Plains of North America, archaeological models of settlement systems are generally based on the ecology and behavior of bison. The annual subsistence round is often...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba

Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 7681 words.

This article discusses the basic aspects of the archaeological practice in Cuba, looking at how vital characteristics of the indigenous communities that were established in Cuban territory...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeological Study of Mortuary Practices in the Eastern United States

James Brown.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

May 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 7536 words.

Key to contemporary approaches to mortuary analysis in the Eastern Woodlands is the concept of liturgy as embodied in the mortuary programme. Together they bridge to social life through...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeologies of Colonial Reduction and Cultural Production in Native Northern California

Stephen W. Silliman.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology; Historical Archaeology. 4033 words.

This article aims to outline themes of research in Native northern California, specifically under Spanish/Mexican and Russian control, in order to highlight key issues in North American...

Go to »  abstract

The Archaeologist’s Evangeline

Jonathan Fowler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Archaeology

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Archaeology; North American Archaeology; Migration Studies. 6608 words.

The French colony of Acadia, located in what is now the Maritime Provinces of Canada and part of the State of Maine, has long attracted the attention of writers and scholars. Immigrating to...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeology and Native Northerners

Natasha Lyons.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 9922 words.

Archaeology is undergoing a sustained shift in the North American Arctic, as factors both internal and external to the discipline work to expand and transform the structure, demographics,...

Go to »  abstract

An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean

Christopher F. Altes.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 7335 words.

Geographic information systems (GISs) are a broad category of spatial technologies for gathering, analyzing, and creating data. Such systems provide a means of managing, archiving, and...

Go to »  abstract

Archaeology of the Eastern Aleut Region

Herbert Maschner.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; North American Archaeology. 10977 words.

The prehistory of the eastern Aleut region is one of the most convoluted and dynamic cultural trajectories in the Arctic region. Situated on the one of the world’s most productive...

Go to »  abstract